Antimicrobial Resistance

About AMR

What is it?
What is it?
FAO's role
FAO's role
Who we are
Who we are
Key sectors
Key sectors

Antimicrobial drugs are key in the treatment of diseases, and their use is essential to protect both human and animal health. However, antimicrobials misuse in the livestock sector, aquaculture and crop production is a major concern as a risk for emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistant micro-organisms.

Key facts

Around 700.000 human deaths each year related to antimicrobial resistance (UK’s O’Neill Commission)

27 different antimicrobial classes used in animals

Total global animal health market in 2011 was equivalent to USD 22 billion (OECD)

118 countries reported quantitative data on antimicrobial use in animals between 2015 and 2017, an increase from 89 reporting in 2015


The FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2021–2025. Supporting innovation and resilience in food and agriculture sectors

Due to antimicrobial resistance (AMR), drug-resistant infections are placing an ever-increasing burden on human, animal, plant, and environmental health. Drug-resistant infections have the potential to become leading causes of death. AMR may force tens of [...]

Antimicrobial resistance and the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework

The United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (“Cooperation Framework”) is an agreement between the UN and the host government and determines a country’s development priorities as well as the UN development system’s contributions to them. [...]

Responsible use of antimicrobials in beekeeping

These guidelines focus on responsible use of antimicrobials in sustainable apiculture. Following a one-health approach, they aim to protect not only honey bees, but even human health (e.g. reducing the risks of residues in hive [...]


Lancet study emphasizes the need to address AMR data gaps

The publication of two Codex standards on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) coincides with a study in the Lancet released on 19 January 2022 that describes AMR as “one of the leading public health threats of the [...]

Experts discuss the management of acaricide and trypanocidal drug resistance in livestock farming

A double whammy is challenging livestock farmers in sub-Saharan Africa,  ticks and tick-borne diseases, and tsetse-transmitted  African Animal Trypanosomosis (AAT) or Nagana. There is no vaccine against AAT, and existing drugs are losing their efficacy [...]

FAO pushes Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) high on the animal health agenda in Mongolia

Due to its unique context in Mongolia, the risk of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) remains high. With its large number of livestock population, which outnumbers the human population by a factor of 20, and the easy [...]


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