Finance

Each Member of the Commission contributes annually to the administrative budget in accordance with a scale of contributions. Two criteria of equal importance are now being considered:

  1. National Income - of each country as expressed in the scale of contributions to the FAO.
  2. Livestock Population - a conversion factor for each species is applied (1 for cattle, 0.5 for pigs, 0.2 for sheep and goats).

 

As of 1st January 1998, countries are split into 4 categories with contributions of US $2,600, $7,800, $13,000 and $26,000 per category.

The contributions are "placed in a Trust Fund administered by the Director General of FAO in conformity with the Financial Regulations of the Organization".

According to the Constitution, "Supplementary contributions may be accepted from a member or members or from organizations or individuals for emergency action or for the purpose of implementing special schemes or campaigns of control..."

In accordance with the provision of this article, in 1962/63 member countries agreed to provide financial assistance for the setting up of a Buffer Zone in South Eastern Europe to control and prevent the spread of FMD.

As the EC assumed greater responsibilities in the arena of animal disease control in Europe, it was agreed that a separate Trust Funds (TF) would be set up for financial contributions from EU countries. The use of this TF is to be monitored by an FAO/EC Consultative Committee (with the participation of OIE). This was the basis for the establishment of the Tripartite EuFMD/EC/OIE FMD Group that organises ad hoc meetings with the participation of representatives of Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey each year. This EC fund has been used for the buffer zone in the Balkans (Turkish Thrace) and is also now being used for the Caucasian region.