inPRESSive

08 Jun 2016 -
Meeting on Establishment of Sub-Regional Approach to Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Other Highly Dangerous Diseases in Transcaucasia Countries
Paris

During the 84th OIE General Session and under the umbrella of EuFMD, OIE, FAO and GF-TADs a meeting for the establishment of sub-regional approach to the control of FMD and other highly dangerous diseases in the Transcaucasia countries was held on May 25, 2016. Representatives of the Russian Federation, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Iran and European Commission participated in the meeting.The countries presented their views and opinions during the discussion of possible implementation of such sub-regional approach.Given the size of Russia, Turkey and Iran regions where the approach will be used were determined. In Russia they will include regions of Southern and North-Caucasian Federal Districts, in Turkey – provinces of Eastern Anatolia and northern regions in Iran. List of the most topical animal diseases was made that included FMD, peste-des-petits ruminants, lumpy skin disease, sheep and goat pox and African swine fever. In view of the fact that FMD endemic countries notify OIE and neighboring countries of the actual epidemic situation only twice a year representatives of a number of countries proposed to establish a regional disease notification system involving essential monthly notification of the epidemic situation changes. 

27 May 2016 -
Vet gains valuable insight
Australia/Nepal

I recently attended in Nepal a training course. I  had flown halfway across the world with 10 other Australian vets and livestock workers to a country where foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic, and we were all going to see it for the first time – the veterinary equivalent of meeting someone famous. While our main aim for being there was to help prepare Australia for the future by training with real cases of FMD, we also had to make sure we didn’t spread this highly infectious virus to any other farms in Nepal and, especially, bring it back home. 

Australia has been free of FMD since 1872, and any outbreak here would have significant impacts. 

17 May 2016 -
Australian veterinarians travel to Nepal for foot and mouth training
ABC Net

Training Australian veterinarians to fight a disease can be hard when the disease is not readily to hand.  Australia relies on being free of foot and mouth disease for market access, but it does make it hard to train animal health officers in how to manage the disease. Training Australian veterinarians to fight a disease can be hard when the disease is not readily to hand. Australia relies on being free of foot and mouth disease for market access, but it does make it hard to train animal health officers in how to manage the disease. Australia is free of foot and mouth and, as an island, has a unique ability to keep that status by maintaining strict biosecurity practices. Ensuring the future of Australian farms and export markets is partly about excluding diseases like foot and mouth, and partly about being ready to deal with possible incursions. Australian animal disease management authorities send animal health officers to Nepal, where the disease is endemic, to give face-to-face experience in handling the disease.

02 May 2016 -
Seroprevalence of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Susceptible Wildlife in Israel
Journal: Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Article from Journal: Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) epidemics recur in Israel almost every year. Wild even-toed ungulates are seldom affected during these epidemics. The seroprevalence of FMD in wild ungulates during 2000 and 2005–2013 was estimated using anti-non-structural proteins ELISA. Overall, 209 samples were tested, comprising sera of 120 wild boar (Sus scrofa lybicus), 64 mountain gazelles (Gazella gazella gazella), 6 water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis), and 19 Persian fallow deer (Dama dama mesopotamica). None of the tested animals presented clinical signs of FMD during blood collection. Sixteen samples [7.7% (95% confidence interval (CI95%) = 4.4–12.1%)] were found to be seropositive.

29 Apr 2016 -
Practical Training Held on Wild Boar Management

BULGARIA - The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth disease (EuFMD) recently implemented a practical training workshop in Bulgaria on the management of outbreaks in which wildlife is involved.

30 Mar 2016 -
Southlanders go to Nepal to study foot and mouth disease

Riversdale's Northern Southland Vets Michael Baer has been to Nepal for a foot and mouth disease course. The red countries on the map show areas with infection and yellow has sparse infection. A group of southern veterinarians have first-hand experience of dealing with foot and mouth disease after a trip to Nepal.

The European Commission for the control of the disease runs training courses for Australasian animal health professionals to deal with foot and mouth disease in affected countries. Northern Southland Vets veterinarian Michael Baer, along with DairyNZ veterinarian Anna Irwin and Silver Fern Farms Finegand employee Sandra Willis went on the week-long trip to Nepal in December. During their week in Nepal the team did classroom training as well as visiting properties and looking at cases of ageing lesions on animals, taking samples and ensuring on-farm biosecurity. New Zealand is free of foot and mouth disease, but it has been estimated by industry groups that an outbreak could cost the country billions of dollars in livestock being put down and from lost trade and productivity. The vets are expected to pass on the knowledge they gained from their Nepal training to farmers and other primary industry people.

30 Mar 2016 -
The European Union and FAO Partnership

Partnering for sustainable rural development and global food and nutrition security

The European Union is among FAO’s most important partners through programmes implemented in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Near East and Latin America. Today the EU and FAO are engaged in close cooperation with a strengthened focus on the shared goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger.

17 Mar 2016 -
Nepal training boosts chances of recognising foot-and-mouth disease
Nepal

Western Australia’s chances of quickly detecting the highly contagious livestock disease foot-and-mouth disease have been boosted by ongoing training of DAFWA staff and WA industry in Nepal. Department virologist Andrew Hughes and compliance officer Bevan Wooldridge completed hands-on training in Nepal in the key signs of foot-and-mouth disease in late 2015 under a program funded by the federal Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. To date, the program has trained 16 department staff and several WA industry members. Dr Hughes said DAFWA’s Chief Veterinary Officer was able to certify WA livestock as free of foot-and-mouth disease due to our rigorous animal health surveillance and traceability systems, which support our livestock and livestock product export market worth $1.6 billion in 2014/15.

17 Mar 2016 -
Up close with foot and mouth disease
Nepal

When you're a New Zealand animal vet in Nepal with foot and mouth disease literally underfoot, even the sight of a local riding an elephant has a grim side. It's another reminder of the spread-potential of the disease most dreaded by New Zealand farmers, says Greenlea Premier Meats business development manager and qualified vet Julie McDade, who was the Meat Industry Association's representative on a recent foot and mouth disease training programme in Nepal. Elephants, along with cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, deer and a host of other animals including giraffe, rhino, rats and hedgehogs are susceptible to foot and mouth, which raises the question of how many entrants to New Zealand think to declare at the border they had an elephant ride on their holiday. Foot and mouth is endemic in Nepal, a country of nearly 28 million people sandwiched between India and China and home to eight of the world's highest mountains, including Everest. The disease is unlikely ever to be stamped out there. McDade says cattle, mostly bulls which are sacred in Nepal, freely wander the streets, milking cows are staked outside homes with householders walking daily over manure in which the virus can live for at least two days. Animals being taken to grazing areas and their owners then spread it over the countryside. There is a vaccine for foot and mouth but it must be refrigerated, an impossible task in a poor country. The virus also lives for up to two days in clothes and nasal passages.

17 Mar 2016 -
Épizootie de la fièvre aphteuse en Afrique du Nord : la détection précoce et confiance de la liberté
Morocco

Avant 2014, l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie n'avaient notifié aucun cas de fièvre aphteuse et cela depuis 1999. Cependant, en mai 2012, ils ont été reconnus par L'Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE) comme pays membres avec un programme officiel de contrôle de la fièvre aphteuse approuvé. Indemnes de fièvre aphteuse avec vaccination depuis 15 ans, la Tunisie en Avril 2014 et suivie par l'Algérie en Juillet 2014 ont signalé des foyers de fièvre aphteuse dans de nombreux endroits. En 2015, de nouveaux foyers ont été identifiés durant le mois de Mars en Algérie et la maladie a ensuite été détectée au Maroc à la fin d'Octobre. Pour répondre à l'incursion de la fièvre aphteuse dans la région, les pays ont mis en œuvre différentes mesures de contrôle pour limiter la propagation de la maladie et une campagne de vaccination d'urgence. La mise en œuvre d'une surveillance ciblée et continue parmi la population animale sensible en Algérie, Tunisie et au Maroc est nécessaire pour donner confiance dans la liberté de la maladie et donner des preuves d'efficacité des mesures de contrôle préalablement mises en œuvre. Dans les régions comme l'Afrique du Nord (Egypte, Libye, Tunisie, Algérie, Maroc et Mauritanie), où les estimations du nombre de petits ruminants est de 85 millions et 14 millions de grands ruminants, le contrôle des mouvements d'animaux est un problème. La perméabilité de la frontière dans la région d'Afrique du Nord et l'instabilité politique dans certaines régions restent des éléments clés pouvant influer le contrôle de la maladie.

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Interview

A vet back from the training course in Nepal describes the course.

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