FMD control

Monthly Overview

Click here to subscribe to our monthly FMD overview reports! The EuFMD Commission currently maintains a database on FMD occurrence complied from officially notified information to FAO, OIE and other sources, such as the FAO/OIE World Reference Laboratory for FMD [...]

The European Commission for the control of Foot-and-Mouth disease (EuFMD)


The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD), one of FAO’s oldest Commissions, was established in 1954 to coordinate foot-and-mouth disease control within Europe at a time when the disease was ravaging the continent. Foot-and-mouth disease does not affect humans, but it is highly contagious among cattle, buffalo, sheep and pigs and can seriously reduce milk and meat production, and the trade bans that result after outbreaks seriously affect national agricultural economies of exporting nations. EuFMD is a regional body specialized in supporting member countries (currently 37) in the European region to prevent FMD, through actions co-ordinated with those of the European Union through the DG-SANCO of the European Commission (EC). The Secretariat is located at FAO headquarters in Rome. Acting as a special observatory for FMD in the world, the Commission facilitates information gathering and sharing to improve design of preventive measures, and the exchange of information and expertise between countries. The EuFMD Commission supports risk reduction in the European neighbourhood, under the Co-ordination mechanism of the West Eurasia FMD Roadmap which aims to  achieve FMD control by 2020 in 14 countries which have endemic FMD in all or part of their territories. It has developed the Progressive Control Pathway (PCP) for FMD together with FAO projects to assist national and regional actions in this region. The EuFMD implements projects in the Caucasus, Turkey, Syria, Iran and Egypt aimed at progressive FMD control and thereby reducing risk to EuFMD member states. In addition it supports improved FMD surveillance in a number of endemic countries on a risk basis, mainly through support to Laboratory/Epidemiology Networking for risk assessment, in endemic regions immediately south of the Sahara. EuFMD carries out its activities in close collaboration with the EC and with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). In the event of FMD emergencies, the Commission’s rapid response mechanism supports national governments with targeted short-term interventions, such as the provision of vaccines, diagnostic reagents and technical expertise. The EuFMD also implements "Real-Time Training Courses" for veterinarians from Member States, which aim to improve expertise in the immediate investigation and response to FMD outbreaks, and which take place in countries where FMD is endemic. To assist in the above, the Commission has an Executive Committee from 8 European member countries, a Standing Technical Committee of 4 experts, a Special Committee on Research and Development, and supports a specialized reference laboratory (World Reference Laboratory for FMD) based in the United Kingdom.

It's our 60th Anniversary

On the 11thDecember 1953 the first member country (Norway) signed its declaration of support to international control of FMD – through the joint work of the Commission - followed closely in December by the former Yugoslavia and Ireland. As FAO required at least six signatories to this Convention, the Commission was formally established in June 1954 with the sixth member state. [...]