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ARCHIVE LATEST ASF China situation update

2 November 2018, 09:00 hours; Rome

Disclaimer

Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

 

 Overview

Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up 100% mortality.
Affected provinces: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou Provinces, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and Tianjin Municipality.

Map 1. Map of ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date, information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China)

Map of ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date, information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China)
Click to enlarge - Information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China.

 

 Situation update

Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MoARA) onfirmed its first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, ASF was detected in 58 villages/the smallest available admin units in 13 provinces/Autonomous Region/Municipality. More than 210,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.

 

Province

City

ASF outbreak location
(onset date*)

Link

Liaoning

Shenyang City

Wuwu Community, Shenbei Street Zone, Shenbei New District (1 Aug). Tracing back identified another infected farm in Xiaorenjing Village, Gaokan Zhen, Weinan District.

ref1 ref2

Cailuo yi village and Yinjia village, Shenbei Street Zone, Shenbei New District (7 Sep).

ref
 

Yingkou City

5 farms in Dashiqiao City and Laobian District (28 Sep). Gejia Village in Gaokan Township, Xinxing Village in Qikou Town, Dashiqiao City, and Xinli Village in Lunan Township (2 Oct), Sudong Village and Wangwei Village in Qikou Township, and BeiYuYang Village in Biancheng Town in Laobian District (7 Oct).

ref1 ref2
 

Anshan City

Fujia Village, Fujia Township, Tai'an County (6 Oct), Maojia Village, Xintai Township, Tai'an County (10 Oct), Weijia Village, Sanglin Township, Tai'an County (12 Oct).

ref1 ref2 ref3
 

Dalian City

Pulandian District (9 Oct).

ref
 

Jinzhou City

Xinli Farm, Beizhen City (13 Oct).

ref
 

Panjin City

Shuguang Village and Wangjia Village, Wangjia Street Zone (13 Oct), Xiaoqing Village, Qingshui Township and Xihai Village, Wangjia Street Zone (14 Oct), Hanjia Village, Xian Township (16 Oct) all in Dawa District.

ref1
ref2

ref3
 

Tieling City

Hedong Village, Qingyunpu Township, Kaiyuan City (14 Oct).

ref

Henan

Zhengzhou City

ASF was detected in pigs at a slaughterhouse (16 Aug). The pigs were brought from Heilongjiang Province (14 Aug) with official veterinary inspection certificate.

ref

Xinxiang City

Chengcao Village, Taishan Township (10 Sep).

ref

Zhejiang

Wenzhou City

3 farms in Zhang ao Village, Yueqing City (17 Aug).

ref

Taizhou City

Dayu Village, Pubagang Township, Sanmen County
(18 Oct).

ref

Jiangsu

Lianyungang City

Baofu Village, Haizhou District (15 Aug).

ref

Wuxi City

Chengdian village, Yangxiang township, Yixing City (29 Aug).

ref

Jilin

Gongzhuling City

Daxing Village, Nanweizi Township (17 Sep).

ref

Songyuan City

Liangwo Village, Liushui Township, Changling County (28 Sep).

ref

Anhui

 

Wuhu City

Yanhe Village (17 Aug) and Longtan Village, Xuzhen Town (31 Aug), all in Nanling County.

ref1 ref2

Xuancheng City

Wuxing Xiang (19 Aug), Guquan Zhen (22 Aug), Jinba township (27 Aug) and Tianhu Street Zone (31 Aug), all in Xuanzhou District.

ref1 ref2 ref3

Chuzhou City

Wugang Village, Damiao Township, Fengyang County (2 Sep).

ref

Tongling City

Shun an Township, Yi an District (7 Sep).

ref

Heilongjiang

Jiamusi City

Fanjia Tun, Changqing Township (1 Sep), and Heping Village, Xiangyang District (3 Sep).

ref1 ref2

Inner Mongolia

XilinGol League

Bieligutai Township, Abaga-qi (12 Sep), and Caiyuan Village, Shangdu Township, Zhenglan-qi (15 Sep).

ref1 ref2

Xing’an League

Korqin Youyi Zhong-qi (17 Sep).

ref

Hohhot City

Huimin District in pigs at a slaughterhouse (22 Sep).

ref

Tianjin

 

Houjiaying Town, Yinzhou District (10 Oct).

ref

Shanxi

Datong City

Zhangjiachang Township, Zuoyun County (16 Oct).

ref
Taiyuan City

Yangqu County (30 Oct).

ref

Yunnan

Zhaotong  City

Tianba Village, Niuchang Township and Muxiang Village, Muxiang Township both in Zhenxiong County (19 Oct).

ref
Pu'er City

Simao District (30 Oct).

ref

Hunan

Yiyang City

Daligang Community, Daligang Township, Taojiang County (28 Sep).

ref
Changde City

Qinglin Township, Taoyuan County (3 Oct).

ref1
ref2
Huaihua City

Yuanling County (30 Oct).

ref

Guizhou

Bijie City

Pingzi Village, Zhezhuang Township, Hezhang County (14 Oct), and Xingou Village,Qingchang Township, Qixingguan District (24 Oct).

ref1
ref2

* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date or reporting date was used.

 

Actions taken by China

The Government set a 3 km epidemic zone and a 10 km buffer zone around the epidemic zone. Within a province, movement of live pigs from the county/city/province where ASF occurred is suspended; live pig markets in infected provinces and adjacent provinces are closed; movement of live pigs and pork products from provinces with more than 2 infected cities is prohibited; transport of live pigs from provinces adjacent to ASF-affected are suspended. Breeding pigs can be transported from provinces with epidemic zone with a laboratory ASF test certificate; but it is not allowed to pass through provinces with epidemic zone when transporting live pigs [reference]. The Government has been strengthening transport of pork meat rather than of live pigs [reference].

Studies showed that 62% of the first 21 ASF events in China were related to swill feeding. A nationwide ban on swill feeding to pigs, record keeping of livestock transportation vehicles has been implemented [reference]. On 30 October, MoARA launched a three-month investigation campaign against illegal slaughter [reference].
After assessment, Epidemic Zones in Jiaxian County, Xinxiang City, Henan Province (31 Oct. reference1), Gongzhuling City, Jilin Province (1 Nov. reference2) were lifted since there was no further detection for 6 weeks after culling of pigs within an affected zone.

Figure 1. Number of pigs transported across provincial boundary (blue) and wholesale pork price/kg (brown) in China (information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China)

Map of ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date, information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China)
Click to enlarge - Information source: Veterinary Bureau, MoARA, China.
* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date or reporting date was used.

 

 

 FAO’s recommendations

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Preparedness (e.g. contingency planning, standard operating procedures— SOPs, secured financial support) for improved early warning, detection and notification, early reaction, and coordination needs to be in place and reviewed periodically in relation to changing disease situation.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Good communication and coordination with swine producing commercial sector and swine famers are essential to strengthen cooperation in ASF prevention, detection, and control. Awareness and training of all stakeholders, from veterinarians to farmers, intermediaries and other value chain actors is needed.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Farm registries, animal identification and censuses are essential to enable animal health interventions.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.
  • Outbreak control strategies must be in place. The strategies need to be developed in consultation with the private sector (pig production and allied industries, such as transport, feed operators) for improved disease management options and compliance.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management.

 FAO’s actions

  • On 23 October, Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) of FAO sent a message to CVOs of China and Southeast Asian Countries encouraging further preparedness and vigilance [reference].
  • FAO and MoARA jointly held a Technical Consultation on ‘Application of Technology to Strengthen ASF Control through Rapid Detection and Response’ on 11-12 October 2018 in Beijing, China, with participants from Veterinary Bureau/MoARA, China Animal Disease Control Center (CADC), China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (CAHEC), FAO China and FAO RAP/ ECTAD Bangkok. FAO and China experts discussed the application of portable PCR device in ASF rapid detection and emergency response [reference].
  • FAO organized an “Emergency Regional Consultation on African Swine Fever on Risk Reduction and Preparedness” in Bangkok, September 2018 [reference].
  • FAO is in contact with authorities in neighbouring countries, to raise the importance of preparedness to respond to the threat of further spread.
  • FAO mission to Mongolia and China (April 2018) to explore opportunities in wild boar surveillance.
  • FAO warned of the risk of ASF spread in Asia (March 2018) and urged regional collaboration including  preparedness measures [reference].

Useful links

  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials [Link]
  • African swine fever (ASF) detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017) [English, Русский, 中文]
  • Manual on the preparation of African swine fever contingency plans (2001) [Link]
  • Rapid risk assessment of ASF introduction into China (Mar 2018) [Link]
  • Regional strategy for the control of ASF in Africa (FAO, AU-IBAR and ILRI, 2017) [Link]
  • ASF awareness video [Link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector (2010) [Link
  • Global ASF Research Alliance [Link
  • OIE disease card [Link], OIE Manual (2012) [Link], OIE Code [Link], OIE weekly ASF situation reports [Link]