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ARCHIVE LATEST ASF China situation update

29 March 2019, 14:00 hours; Rome


Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.



Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up to 100% mortality.
Affected provinces:
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, and Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regions.
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Tuv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.

Viet Nam: Hung Yen, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thai Nguyen, Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Nghe An, Son La, Bac Ninh, Thua Thien-Hue, Lai Chau, Bac Giang, Quang Tri, Vinh Phuc Provinces, Hai Phong and Ha Noi Cities.

Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (August 2018 to date)

ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date, information source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China)
Click to enlarge - Information source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China, DAH/MARD, Viet Nam.


 Situation update


Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, 114 ASF outbreaks detected in 28 Provinces/Autonomous Region / Municipalities. Around 1,000,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.



Since its first report on the 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces have been reported, involving 92 farms/households. More than 3,115 pigs, around 10 percent of the total pig population in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks.


Viet Nam

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its ASF outbreaks on 19 February 2019, a total of 556 outbreaks were reported in 23 provinces/cities, more than 89,600 pigs have been culled.


Viet Nam has implemented movement control of pigs and pig products from affected communes; ASF positive farms have been depopulated according to the Action Plan for Emergency Response to ASF [reference]. MARD has proposed further control plans I February [reference].


On 20 March 2019, MARD requested provincial/city people’s committee to allow healthy pigs in infected area to be slaughtered for consumption within: infected commune; infected district if >1 communes infected; or provinces if >1 districts infected. No movement from infected provinces is allowed [reference]. The Prime Minister Office announced on 7 March 2019 the increase of compensation for piglets and fattening pigs to 80%, and x 1.5 – 2.0 of normal compensation rate for sow/boar [reference].

Figure 1. Number of ASF outbreaks reported in Viet Nam by province by onset week

Number of pigs transported across provincial boundary (blue) and wholesale pig and pork price/kg in China
Click to enlarge - Source: DAH/MARD, Viet Nam.


Actions taken by China


The government set a 3 km epidemic zone and a 10 km buffer zone around the epidemic zone. A strict movement control of live pigs was introduced, and live pig markets in infected provinces and adjacent provinces were closed [reference]. Studies showed that 62% of the first 21 ASF events in China were related to swill feeding. Directives on banning swill feeding to pigs and record keeping of livestock transportation vehicles was updated [reference]. Epidemiological studies of 68 outbreaks revealed 3 major causes spread ASF virus: 46% by vehicles and workers without disinfection, 34% by swill feeding, and 19% by transport of live pigs and their products across regions [reference]. As ASF was detected in a wild boar, MARA and Ministry of Natural Resources released a joint notice on “Strengthening the Joint Prevention and Control Work on ASF in domestic pigs and wild boars” [reference]. MARA released the 2019 edition of the ‘ASF Epidemic Emergency Implementation Plan’ [reference]. In March 2019, MARA updated regulations on pig slaughterhouses: before May 2019, provinces to conduct a through inspection of pig slaughtering enterprises without pollutant discharge permit, or does not meet the animal epidemic prevention requirements, shall immediately stop production and rectify before July 2019 to continue slaughter. It task pig slaughter enterprises to conduct self-inspection by using PCR, which to be implemented from April–July 2019. If ASF is detected, the slaughtering enterprise should stop production for 48 hours, then apply for evaluation to resume production. If ASF virus nucleic acid is detected in products that are sent out from a slaughterhouse due to a mal-conduct, the slaughter enterprises needs to recall the same batch, and the activities be suspended for at least 15 days [reference].


Following assessment, Epidemic Zone was lifted in Economic and Technological Development Zone, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province on 23 March [reference] since there no new cases were reported in the affected areas after 6 weeks. As of 28 March 2019, the quarantine in 104 Epidemic Zones have been lifted.

Figure 2. Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China

Number of pigs transported across provincial boundary (blue) and wholesale pig and pork price/kg in China
Click to enlarge - Source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China.
* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date, confirmation date or reporting date was used.


Table 1. List of affected Cities in China since 03 August 2018


Cities with affected areas

Last reported onset*


Suihua City 01/01/2019

Inner Mongolia

Hulun Buir 24/02/2019


Baishan City 13/11/2018


Panjin City 15/10/2018






Baoding City 24/02/2019


Jincheng City 27/12/2018




Suqian City 06/01/2019


Taizhou City 18/10/2018


Chizhou City 07/11/2018


Nanping City 22/12/2018


Jiujiang City 29/11/2018


Jinan City 20/02/2019


Xinxiang City 10/09/2018


Huangshi City 22/11/2018


Yongzhou City 08/02/2019


Huizhou City 23/12/2018


Guigang City 07/03/2019




Guang’an City 10/03/2019


Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 18/12/2018


Lishui City 21/02/2019


Yulin City 28/02/2019


Yinchuan City 11/01/2019


Lanzhou City 18/01/2019


Xining City 10/12/2018

* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date or reporting date was used.


Table 2. List of affected Cities in Viet Nam since 19 February 2019 (as of 29 March 2019)


Number of communes affected

Last reported onset*

Thai Binh

167 29/03/2019

Hai Phong

72 28/03/2019

Hung Yen

68 29/03/2019

Hai Duong

47 29/03/2019

Bac Ninh

44 29/03/2019

Ha Noi

30 29/03/2019

Thanh Hoa

23 28/03/2019

Dien Bien

17 28/03/2019

Quang Ninh

17 29/03/2019

Lai Chau

17 29/03/2019

Son La

14 28/03/2019

Thai Nguyen

11 29/03/2019

Nam Dinh

9 28/03/2019

Ha Nam

7 29/03/2019

Nghe An

4 28/03/2019

Hoa Binh

2 08/03/2019

Bac Kan

1 11/03/2019

Lang Son

1 11/03/2019

Ninh Binh

1 09/03/2019

Thua Thien-Hue

1 13/03/2019

Bac Giang

1 23/03/2019

Quang Tri

1 25/03/2019

Vinh Phuc

1 25/03/2019

* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date or reporting date was used. Source: DAH


 FAO’s recommendations

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Preparedness (e.g. contingency planning, standard operating procedures— SOPs, secured financial support) for improved early warning, detection and notification, early reaction, and coordination needs to be in place and reviewed periodically in relation to changing disease situation.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Good communication and coordination with swine producing commercial sector and swine famers are essential to strengthen cooperation in ASF prevention, detection, and control. Awareness and training of all stakeholders, from veterinarians to farmers, intermediaries and other value chain actors is needed.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Farm registries, animal identification and censuses are essential to enable animal health interventions.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.
  • Outbreak control strategies must be in place. The strategies need to be developed in consultation with the private sector (pig producers and allied industries, such as transport, feed operators) for improved disease management options and compliance.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management.

 FAO’s actions

  • Forthcoming participation at International Symposium on ASF and Standing Group of Exerts (SGE)–ASF meeting (Beijing, April 2019).
  • FAO EMC-AH mission to Viet Nam was initiated this week to assess ASF situation and response strategy.
  • FAO Myanmar is advising Veterinary Service on appropriate active surveillance and on laboratory diagnosis. FAO completed an EMC-AH mission to Myanmar to assess ASF preparedness, including laboratory capacity by expert from an OIE/FAO reference laboratory (March 2019).
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH Emergency Response Mission to Mongolia to assess ASF situation (February 2019).
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH mission to Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to assess ASF preparedness [reference].
  • FAO and MARA jointly organized the Multilateral Cross-Border Meeting in Greater Mekong Subregion to Strengthen Collaboration of Transboundary Animal Disease Control in Beijing, China in November 2018 which included “African Swine Fever Emergency Preparedness training” for Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam and China [reference].
  • On 16 November, FAO-China, Chief/AGAH and CVO met with MARA Vice Minister and senior staff of Veterinary Bureau and China Animal Disease Control Center. A call for solidarity to address the expanding global threat of ASF to the G20 was suggested by Chinese officials [reference].
  • In October 2018 and again in February 2019, FAO Chief Veterinary Officer sent a message to CVOs in the region and throughout the world encouraging preparedness and vigilance [reference].
  • FAO and MARA jointly held a Technical Consultation on ‘Application of Technology to Strengthen ASF Control through Rapid Detection and Response’ in October 2018 in Beijing, China, with participants from Veterinary Bureau/MARA, China Animal Disease Control Center (CADC), China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (CAHEC) [reference].
  • FAO organized an “Emergency Regional Consultation on African Swine Fever on Risk Reduction and Preparedness” in Bangkok, September 2018 [reference].
  • FAO mission to Mongolia and China (April 2018) to explore opportunities in wild boar surveillance.
  • FAO publication on ASF spread in Asia (March 2018) and urged regional collaboration including preparedness measures [reference].

Useful links

  • African swine fever (ASF) detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017) [English, Русский, 中文]
  • Regional strategy for the control of ASF in Africa (FAO, AU-IBAR and ILRI, 2017) [Link]
  • Manual on the preparation of African swine fever contingency plans (2001) [Link]
  • Rapid risk assessment of ASF introduction into China (Mar 2018) [Link]
  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials [Link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector (2010) [Link
  • ASF awareness video [Link]
  • OIE disease card [Link], OIE Manual (2012) [Link], OIE Code [Link], OIE weekly ASF situation reports [Link]
  • Global ASF Research Alliance [Link