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ARCHIVEASF situation in Asia update

11 July 2019, 09:00 hours; Rome

The next update will be issued in 18 July 2019

Disclaimer

Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

 

 Overview

Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up to 100% case fatality rate.

 

Affected provinces:
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong and Hainan Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.

Viet Nam: Hung Yen, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thai Nguyen, Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Nghe An, Son La, Bac Ninh, Thua Thien-Hue, Bac Giang, Lai Chau, Quang Tri, Vinh Phuc, Cao Bang, Khanh Hoa, Hau Giang, Vinh Long, Dong Nai, Phu Thọ, Yen Bai, Binh Phuoc, Lao Cai, An Giang, Ha Tinh, Quang Nam, Dak Nong, Kien Giang, Soc Trang, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Quang Ngai, Dak Lak, Tien Giang, Kon Tum, Bac Lieu, Bình Định, Tra Vinh, Binh Thuan, Quang Binh, Long An, Phu Yen, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, Lam Dong, Ben Tre Provinces, Tay Ninh Provinces, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Can Tho, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh Cities.

Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Tboung Khmum Provinces, Svay Rieng and Takeo Provinces.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.

Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Salavane Province and Vientiane Capital.

Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (August 2018 to date)

ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date
Click to enlarge - Source: China: MARA, Viet Nam: WAHIS & media information, Cambodia: MAFF, Other: WAHIS.

 

 Situation update

Mongolia

Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, involving 105 farms/households. More than 3,115 pigs, more than 10 percent of the total pig population in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks.

 

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Chagang-Do occurred on 23 May 2019.

 

China

Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, 147 ASF outbreaks detected in 32 Provinces/Autonomous Regions/Municipalities/Special Administrative Region. More than 1,160,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.

 

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: ASF was detected in a pig on a farming household in Bobai County, Yulin City, and on a farm in Zhongli Village, Zhongli Township, Gangbei District, Guigang City; a total of 43 pigs became sick, of which 1 died from the disease [reference1, reference2].

 

Viet Nam

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its first ASF outbreak on 19 February 2019, a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, more than 3,000,000 pigs have been culled.

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Toumlan District, Salavane Province on 20 June 2019. ASF is still spreading in the area, with number reported reached at 2,616. Meanwhile, pigs died on a farm in Nasiew village, Nasaithong District, Vientiane Capital, and samples taken from the farm tested positive for ASF on 3 July [reference].

 

Cambodia

Since the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Som Kaninh village, Som Thom commune, O Ya Dav District, Ratanakiri Province on 2 April 2019, ASF was detected in 7 villages in Ratanakiri Proivince resulted in 1979 deaths, and remaining 626 pigs were culled. Since 2 July, new outbreaks have been confirmed in south-eastern provinces; on 9 July new outbreaks were reported in 2 villages in Svay Rieng and Takeo Provinces [reference].

 

Actions taken by China

MARA released the 2019 edition of the ‘ASF Epidemic Emergency Implementation Plan’ [reference]. MARA updated regulations on pig slaughterhouses: It task pig slaughter enterprises to conduct self-inspection by using PCR. If ASF is detected, the slaughtering enterprise should stop production for 48 hours, then apply for evaluation to resume production [reference].

Figure 1. Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China

Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China
Click to enlarge - For cases with unknown onset date, detection date, confirmation date or reporting date was used.

Source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China.

 

Following assessment, Epidemic Zone in Huinong District, Shizuishan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and  Daishan County, Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan Province were lifted on 9 July [reference] as there were no new cases reported in the affected areas for 6 weeks.

 

 

Actions taken by Viet Nam

Viet Nam has implemented movement control of pigs and pig products from affected communes; ASF positive farms have been depopulated according to the Action Plan for Emergency Response to ASF [reference]. On 20 March, MARD requested provincial/city people’s committee to allow healthy pigs in infected area to be slaughtered for consumption within: infected commune; infected district if >1 communes infected; or provinces if >1 districts infected. No movement from infected provinces is allowed [reference]. The Prime Minister Office announced on 7 March the increase of compensation for piglets and fattening pigs to 80%, and x 1.5 – 2.0 of normal compensation rate for sow/boar [reference]. The Prime Minister released a Directive (No. 4291 / VPCP-NN, 17 May) o review ASF response plans [reference]. The Central Committee of the Communist Party issued the Directive (No. 34-CT/TW, 20 May) to strengthen their leadership and operational instructions for effective implementation of ASF response, control and prevention, one of the directive priorities is setting criteria to restore pigs after an outbreak, to strengthen veterinary system and capacity to be able to carry out the tasks and to strengthen inspection [reference]. MARD issued its new guidance (3708/HD-BNN-TY, 28 May) on slaughtering pigs and consumption of pig products [reference]. The Prime Minister released a Directive (No. 42 / NQ-CP, 18 June 2019), which includes: 1) support households, small and medium-sized enterprises keeping grandparent pigs with VND 500,000 /pig (approx. 21 USD/pig) ; 2) support pig raising farmers and enterprises whose pigs are destroyed on the basis of price and pig raising costs suitable for each type of pig; higher support levels for sows and boars; 3) support small and medium enterprises but not exceeding 30% of losses due to epidemics [reference].

Figure 2. Newly affected communes/week in Viet Nam including estimated number of communes affected anytime in the past

Newly affected communes/week and the distribution by Regional Animal Health Office (RAHO), <strong>Viet Nam
(Calculated figure)

 

Actions taken by Cambodia

Cambodia has implemented movement control of live pigs, pork and pork products for the Kampoul Serey and Soay Village, Mean Commune, Oraing Ov district, Tbong Khmum Province. The same measures have been applied in reported ASF outbreak of Russey Chour Khang Tbong village, Kroal Ko commune, Svay Chrum district, Svay Rieng Province and Ampil village, Ponley commune, Ankor Borei district, Takeo province. Stamping out, disposal and disinfection were implemented in affected villages. Further investigations and case finding are carried out in neighbouring areas.

 

 FAO’s recommendations

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Preparedness (e.g. contingency planning, standard operating procedures— SOPs, secured financial support) for improved early warning, detection and notification, early reaction, and coordination needs to be in place and reviewed periodically in relation to changing disease situation.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Good communication and coordination with swine producing commercial sector and swine famers are essential to strengthen cooperation in ASF prevention, detection, and control. Awareness and training of all stakeholders, from veterinarians to farmers, intermediaries and other value chain actors is needed.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Farm registries, animal identification and censuses are essential to enable animal health interventions.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.
  • Outbreak control strategies must be in place. The strategies need to be developed in consultation with the private sector (pig producers and allied industries, such as transport, feed operators) for improved disease management options and compliance.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management.

 FAO’s actions

  • FAO and World Bank delivered a joint presentation at the G7 CVO meeting (May 2019).
  • OIE and FAO delivered a joint presentation on ASF at the 87th OIE General Session, OIE, Paris (May 2019).
  • FAO project on ASF Emergency Preparedness and Response in East and Southeast Asia” started from April 2019.
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH mission to Cambodia from 27 May to assess the ASF situation and response strategy.
  • In Cambodia, the private sector organized an awareness-training program entitled "Breeding pigs under ASF threat" on 9 May, at which FAO ECTAD Cambodia presented the regional ASF situation.
  • Beijing International Symposium on ASF was jointly organized by MARA, FAO and OIE on 8-9 April in Beijing [reference].
  • The 1st meeting of GF-TADS Standing Group of Experts (SGE) on ASF for Asia was held in Beijing, hosted by MARA.
  • The 1st meeting of GF-TADS Standing Group of Experts (SGE) on ASF for Asia was held in Beijing, hosted by MARA.
  • FAO in collaboration with the General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Cambodia, organized a National Consultative Workshop on the Development of ASF Preparedness and Response Plan (ASF-CPRP) in Cambodia on 8-9 April 2019.
  • FAO organized a training workshop on operationalizing the ASF Preparedness and Response Plan and how to use portable PCR for ASF in Cambodia on 10-11 April 2019....[and more]

Useful links

  • African swine fever (ASF) detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017) [English, Русский, 中文]
  • FAO FOOD OOUTLOOK (ASF special report from p. 71) [Link]
  • Presentations of the 1st Standing Group of Experts on African Swine Fever (SGE-ASF) for Asia are available here
  • Presentations of the International Symposium on Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever are also available Part 1: Strategy, Part 2: Eradication, Part 3: Control measures, Part 4: Diagnosis and vaccines.
  • Regional strategy for the control of ASF in Africa (FAO, AU-IBAR and ILRI, 2017) [Link]
  • Manual on the preparation of African swine fever contingency plans (2001) [Link]
  • Rapid risk assessment of ASF introduction into China (Mar 2018) [Link]
  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials [Link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector (2010) [Link
  • ASF awareness video [Link]
  • OIE disease card [Link], OIE Manual (2012) [Link], OIE Code [Link], OIE weekly ASF situation reports [Link]
  • Global ASF Research Alliance [Link