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ARCHIVEASF situation in Asia update

06 June 2019, 09:00 hours; Rome

The next update will be issued in 14 June 2019

Disclaimer

Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

 

 Overview

Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up to 100% mortality.
Affected provinces:
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong and Hainan Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.

Viet Nam: Hung Yen, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thai Nguyen, Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Nghe An, Son La, Bac Ninh, Thua Thien-Hue, Bac Giang, Lai Chau, Quang Tri, Vinh Phuc, Cao Bang, Khanh Hoa, Hau Giang, Vinh Long, Dong Nai, Phu Thọ, Yen Bai, Binh Phuoc, Lao Cai, An Giang, Ha Tinh, Quang Nam, Dak Nong, Kien Giang, Soc Trang, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Quang Ngai, Dak Lak, Tien Giang, Kon Tum, Bac Lieu, Bình Định, Tra Vinh, Binh Thuan Provinces, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Can Tho and Da Nang Cities.

Cambodia: Ratanakiri Province.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.

 

Source: media information

Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (August 2018 to date)

ASF situation in China (August 2018 to date
Click to enlarge - Source: Mongolia:WAHIS, Viet Nam: WAHIS & media information, Cambodia: MAFF.

 

 Situation update

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Chagang-Do occurred on 23 May 2019 [reference]. The Ministry of Unification of the Republic of Korea proposed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to discuss how to work together in controlling ASF [reference].

 

China

Since the China Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, 138 ASF outbreaks detected in 32 Provinces/Autonomous Regions/Municipalities/Special Administrative Region. 1,133,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.

 

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: ASF virus was again detected in a sample collected from one pig died at Sheung Shui Slaughterhouse (SSSH) with ASF suspected clinical signs. The pig was from a farm in Miezhou City, Guangdong Province [reference].

 

Guizhou Province: A vehicle transporting pigs into Guizhou Province without official animal health certificate was intercepted on 30 May about 10 kilometers from the Guixin Expressway Duyun south exit, Duyun City, Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture; 1 of 32 pigs on the vehicle was sick and died. Samples collected from the pig(s) tested positive for ASF [reference1, reference2].

 

Mongolia

Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, involving 105 farms/households. More than 3,115 pigs, more than 10 percent of the total pig population in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks.

 

Viet Nam

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its ASF outbreaks on 19 February 2019, a total of 54 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, more than 2,200,000 pigs have been culled.

 

Cambodia

Since the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Som Kaninh village, Som Thom commune, O Ya Dav District, Ratanakiri Province on 2 April 2019, more than 2400 pigs have died or been culled.

 

Actions taken by China

 

MARA released the 2019 edition of the ‘ASF Epidemic Emergency Implementation Plan’ [reference]. MARA updated regulations on pig slaughterhouses: It task pig slaughter enterprises to conduct self-inspection by using PCR. If ASF is detected, the slaughtering enterprise should stop production for 48 hours, then apply for evaluation to resume production [reference].

Figure 1. Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China

Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China
Click to enlarge - For cases with unknown onset date, detection date, confirmation date or reporting date was used. Source: Veterinary Bureau, MARA, China.

 

Following assessment, Epidemic Zone was lifted on 28 and 29 May in Yecheng County and Shule County, Kashi District, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region respectively [reference], and on 3 June in Shangri-La City, Diqing Prefecture, Yunnan Province [reference], as there were no new cases reported in the affected areas for 6 weeks.

 

Actions taken by Viet Nam

 

Viet Nam has implemented movement control of pigs and pig products from affected communes; ASF positive farms have been depopulated according to the Action Plan for Emergency Response to ASF [reference]. On 20 March, MARD requested provincial/city people’s committee to allow healthy pigs in infected area to be slaughtered for consumption within: infected commune; infected district if >1 communes infected; or provinces if >1 districts infected. No movement from infected provinces is allowed [reference]. The Prime Minister Office announced on 7 March the increase of compensation for piglets and fattening pigs to 80%, and x 1.5 – 2.0 of normal compensation rate for sow/boar [reference]. The Prime Minister released a Directive (No. 4291 / VPCP-NN, 17 May) o review ASF response plans [reference]. The Central Committee of the Communist Party issued the Directive (No. 34-CT/TW, 20 May) to strengthen their leadership and operational instructions for effective implementation of ASF response, control and prevention, one of the directive priorities is setting criteria to restore pigs after an outbreak, to strengthen veterinary system and capacity to be able to carry out the tasks and to strengthen inspection [reference]. MARD issued its new guidance (3708/HD-BNN-TY, 28 May) on slaughtering pigs and consumption of pig products [reference].

Figure 2. Newly affected communes/week and the distribution by Regional Animal Health Office (RAHO), Viet Nam

Newly affected communes/week and the distribution by Regional Animal Health Office (RAHO), <strong>Viet Nam
Calculated figure. Map includes media information.

 

Actions taken by Cambodia

 

Cambodia has implemented movement control of live pigs, pork and pork products for Ratanakiri Province. Stamping out, disposal and disinfection were extended to villages in Ou Chum District. Further investigations and case finding are carried out in neighbouring areas.

 

Table 1. List of ASF detected provinces in China within the past two months

Province/area

City/Prefecture

Last reported onset*

Xinjiang

Kashgar Prefecture 11/04/2019

Hainan

Baoting Li and Miao
Autonomous County
16/04/2019

Sichuan

Aba Prefecture 12/05/2019

Ningxia

Shizuishan City 21/05/2019

Yunnan

Xishuangbanna Dai A.Prefecture 29/05/2019

Guangxi

Yulin City 27/05/2019

Hong Kong

New Territories 31/05/2019

Guizhou

Qiannan Buyei and
Miao Autonomous Prefecture
31/05/2019

* For cases with unknown onset date, detection date, confirmation date or reporting date was used.

 

Table 2. List of affected Provinces in by RAHO, Viet Nam since 19 February 2019

RAHO 1

RAHO 2

RAHO 3

RAHO 4

RAHO 5

RAHO 6

RAHO 7

Ha Noi

Hung Yen Thanh Hoa Khanh Hoa Dak Nong Dong Nai Hau Giang

Ha Nam

Thai Binh Nghe An Quang Nam Gia Lai Binh Phuoc Vinh Long

Dien Bien

Hai Phong TT-Hue Da Nang Kon Tum Binh Duong An Giang

Hoa Binh

Hai Duong Quang Tri Quang Ngai Dak Lak Tien Giang Kien Giang

Nam Dinh

Thai Nguyen Ha Tinh Binh Dịnh   Binh Thuan Can Tho

Ninh Binh

Quang Ninh         Soc Trang

Son La

Bac Kan         Dong Thap

Lai Chau

Lang Son         Ca Mau

Vinh Phuc

Bac Ninh         Bac Lieu

Phu Tho

Bac Giang         Tra Vinh

Yen Bai

Cao Bang          

Lao Cai

Ha Giang          
  Tuyen Quang          

†: media information. Source: WAHIS and media information.

 

 FAO’s recommendations

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Preparedness (e.g. contingency planning, standard operating procedures— SOPs, secured financial support) for improved early warning, detection and notification, early reaction, and coordination needs to be in place and reviewed periodically in relation to changing disease situation.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Good communication and coordination with swine producing commercial sector and swine famers are essential to strengthen cooperation in ASF prevention, detection, and control. Awareness and training of all stakeholders, from veterinarians to farmers, intermediaries and other value chain actors is needed.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Farm registries, animal identification and censuses are essential to enable animal health interventions.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.
  • Outbreak control strategies must be in place. The strategies need to be developed in consultation with the private sector (pig producers and allied industries, such as transport, feed operators) for improved disease management options and compliance.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management.

 FAO’s actions

  • FAO and World Bank delivered a joint presentation at the G7 CVO meeting (May 2019).
  • OIE and FAO delivered a joint presentation on ASF at the 87th OIE General Session, OIE, Paris (May 2019).
  • FAO project on ASF Emergency Preparedness and Response in East and Southeast Asia” started from April 2019.
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH mission to Cambodia from 27 May to assess the ASF situation and response strategy.
  • In Cambodia, the private sector organized an awareness-training program entitled "Breeding pigs under ASF threat" on 9 May, at which FAO ECTAD Cambodia presented the regional ASF situation.
  • Beijing International Symposium on ASF was jointly organized by MARA, FAO and OIE on 8-9 April in Beijing [reference].
  • The 1st meeting of GF-TADS Standing Group of Experts (SGE) on ASF for Asia was held in Beijing, hosted by MARA.
  • The 1st meeting of GF-TADS Standing Group of Experts (SGE) on ASF for Asia was held in Beijing, hosted by MARA.
  • FAO in collaboration with the General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Cambodia, organized a National Consultative Workshop on the Development of ASF Preparedness and Response Plan (ASF-CPRP) in Cambodia on 8-9 April 2019.
  • FAO organized a training workshop on operationalizing the ASF Preparedness and Response Plan and how to use portable PCR for ASF in Cambodia on 10-11 April 2019.
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH mission to Viet Nam from 11 to 16 March to assess ASF situation and response strategy.
  • FAO Myanmar is advising Veterinary Service on appropriate active surveillance and on laboratory diagnosis. FAO completed an EMC-AH mission to Myanmar to assess ASF preparedness, including laboratory capacity (March 2019).
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH Emergency Response Mission to Mongolia to assess ASF situation (February 2019).
  • FAO deployed an EMC-AH mission to Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to assess ASF preparedness [reference].
  • FAO and MARA jointly organized the Multilateral Cross-Border Meeting in Greater Mekong Subregion to Strengthen Collaboration of Transboundary Animal Disease Control in Beijing, China in November 2018 which included “African Swine Fever Emergency Preparedness training” for Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam and China [reference].

Useful links

  • African swine fever (ASF) detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017) [English, Русский, 中文]
  • FAO FOOD OOUTLOOK (ASF special report from p. 71) [Link]
  • Presentations of the 1st Standing Group of Experts on African Swine Fever (SGE-ASF) for Asia are available here
  • Presentations of the International Symposium on Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever are also available Part 1: Strategy, Part 2: Eradication, Part 3: Control measures, Part 4: Diagnosis and vaccines.
  • Regional strategy for the control of ASF in Africa (FAO, AU-IBAR and ILRI, 2017) [Link]
  • Manual on the preparation of African swine fever contingency plans (2001) [Link]
  • Rapid risk assessment of ASF introduction into China (Mar 2018) [Link]
  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials [Link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector (2010) [Link
  • ASF awareness video [Link]
  • OIE disease card [Link], OIE Manual (2012) [Link], OIE Code [Link], OIE weekly ASF situation reports [Link]
  • Global ASF Research Alliance [Link