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ASF situation in Asia & Pacific update

16 September 2021, 08:30 hours; Rome

The next issue will be distributed on 30 September 2021.

Disclaimer

Information provided herein is current as of the date of issue. Information added since the last ASF China situation update appears in red. For cases with unknown onset date, reporting date was used instead. FAO compiles information drawn from multiple national (Ministries of Agriculture or Livestock, Local governments and international sources (World Organisation for Animal Health [OIE]), as well as peer-reviewed scientific articles. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information. The designation employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.

 

 Overview

Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease affecting pigs and wild boar with up to 100% case fatality rate.

ASF reported administrative areas since August 2018:
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong and Hainan Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR).
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.
Viet Nam: All provinces and municipalities.
Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Tboung Khmum, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Kandal Provinces.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic: All provinces and municipality.
Myanmar: Shan, Kachin, Kayah States and Sagaing Region.
The Philippines: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Catanduanes, Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental, Eastern Samar, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Kalinga, La Union, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Leyte, Masbate, Misamis Oriental, Mountain province, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Sarangani, Southern Leyte, Sorsogon, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Samar, Tarlac, Zambales Provinces and Metro Manila (Caloocan, Malabon and Quezon Cities).
Republic of Korea: Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do and Incheon City.
Timor-Leste: All districts.
Indonesia: North Sumatra, Riau, West Sumatra, South Sumatra, Lampung, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, Bali, and East Nusa Tenggara Provinces.
Papua New Guinea: Southern Highlands, Enga, Hela, Western Highlands, Jiwaka, and Simbu Provinces.
India: Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland States.
Disputed territory: Arunachal Pradesh.
Malaysia: Sabah State.
Bhutan: Chhukha District.

Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (for the past 10 weeks)

ASF situation in Asia (for the past 10 weeks)
Click to enlarge - Source: China: MARA, Viet Nam: WAHIS & media information, Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Timor-Leste: WAHIS and government websites, Other: WAHIS.

 

 Situation update

Mongolia

Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, involving 105 farms/households. More than 10 percent of the total pig population (3 115 pigs) in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks [reference].

 

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Chagang-do on 23 May 2019 [reference].

 

Republic of Korea

Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) confirmed the first ASF outbreak on 17 September 2019, ASF was detected in 20 domestic pig farms: Gyeonggi-do (9), Incheon City (5), and Gangwon-do (6). Since 9 October 2019 as of 13 September 2021, a total of 1 606 ASFV infected wild boars were confirmed in: Gyonggi-do: Paju (100), Yeoncheon (417), Pocheon (93), Gapyeong (36); Gangwon-do: Cheorwon (36),   Hwacheon (423), Chuncheon (174), Yanggu (79), Goseong (10), Inje (144), Yeongwol (14), Yangyang (31), Gangneung (6), Hongcheon (22), Pyeongchang (20), and Sockho (1) [reference].

 

China

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed the first outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, ASF were detected in 32 Provinces/Autonomous Regions/Municipalities/Special Administrative Region. According to MARA, from the beginning of 2021, 11 ASF outbreaks were reported from 8 provinces so far, a total of 2 216 pigs have been destroyed [reference1]. MARA reported a detection of ASF in pigs on a vehicle intercepted at G55 Highway checkpoint for Animal health supervision, Renhepu Township, Hunan Province; at the time of inspection, 92 out of 275 pigs were found dead [reference2]. On 3 September, the first ASF case in wild boar was confirmed in Hong Kong SAR following the reports of abnormal deaths among wild boars in Siu Sai Wan park on Hong Kong Island; there are no pig farms on the island, and no farms in other areas affected in relation to this case [reference3, reference4].

Figure 1. Number of ASF reported village* by region by onset month in China

Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China
Click to enlarge - * Including detection in live pigs in intercepted vehicles. For cases with unknown onset date, confirmation date or reporting date was used.
Source: Veterinary bureau, MARA, China.

 

The Philippines

Since the Department of Agriculture (DA) confirmed the first outbreak started on July 2019, ASF has spread to 579 cities/municipalities, and 2 981 villages, mostly in Luzon island; as of August 2021, ASF incidence is down to only 16 cities/municipalities [reference].

 

Malaysia

Malaysia confirmed the first ASF outbreaks in February 2021 in Sabah State at the the northern part of Borneo Island [reference1]. So far, 46 outbreaks has been officially confirmed in the country, only in Sabah State, involving domestic pigs and wild boars; a total of 1 275 domestic pigs have died / been killed [reference2].

 

Indonesia

Since the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) reported an ASF outbreak in North Sumatra Province in 2019 [reference1, reference2], as of February 2021, ASF has officially confirmed its spread to 10 out of 34 provinces in Indonesia [reference3]. Media reported that wild boars were found dead in several national parks on Sumatra and Borneo Islands [reference4]; 12 wild boars also died in the Kerinci Seblat National Park in North Bengkulu Regency [reference5]. In domestic pigs, media reported that hundreds died suddenly in Miau Baru Village, Kongbeng District, East Kutai Regency [reference6]; and also dozens of pig deaths in Temula Village, Nyuatan district, West Kutai Regency, in addition to Mahakam Ulu Regency reported earlier. It is suspected that the deaths of dozens of pigs were caused by ASF, if confirmed, indicateing that the virus have reached to East Kalimantan province [reference7, reference8, reference9].

 

Timor-Leste

The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries announced the confirmation of ASF outbreak on 27 September 2019 [reference1]. Since then, ASF has caused the loss of 100 thousand pigs, according to media [reference2].

 

Papua New Guinea

The National Agriculture Quarantine and Inspection Authority (NAQIA) confirmed four ASF outbreaks in Mendi Munihu District, Southern Highlands Province (SHP) in March 2020 [reference1, reference2].

 

Viet Nam

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its first ASF outbreak on 19 February 2019, all 63 provinces/cities experienced outbreaks. Death and culling together, ASF caused the loss of about 6 million pigs in 2019, and about 90 thousand in 2020 (1.5 % of the figure in 2019) according to General Statistics Office of Viet Nam [reference1]. For the first six month of 2021, more than 60 thousand pigs were lost according to media [reference2].

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Salavan Province on 20 June 2019, ASF outbreaks were reported in all 18 provinces between May and November 2019. The second round started from June 2020, ASF was detected in 15 districts in 7 provinces.

 

Cambodia

Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Ratanakiri Province in April 2019, ASF outbreaks were detected in five provinces [reference1]. Recently, media reported that ASF was detected in illegally transported pigs intercepted at two border checkpoints in Banteay Meanchey, and in Takeo Provinces [reference2, reference3, reference4].

 

Myanmar

Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation confirmed the first ASF outbreak on 1 August 2019, a total of 11 ASF outbreaks were reported; seven in Shan State, two in Sagaing Region and one each in Kachin and Kayah States [reference].

 

Bhutan

On 13 May, the first ASF outbreak was confirmed in Phentshogling town, Chhukha district, Bhutan, where is bordering with West Bengal State of India [reference1, reference2]. Since then, a total of 2 035 pigs has been infected with ASF in the country [reference3].

 

India

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying announced the confirmation of ASF outbreaks (Genotype II) in Assam State that occurred in January-April 2020 [reference1]. According to media, cumulatively, nearly 39 000 pigs were lost due to ASF over the last 18 months since the first report [reference2]. The disease was also detected in Mizoram, Meghalaya and Nagaland States [reference3, reference4, reference5]. According to media, in Mizoram State, ASF spread to 11 districts and caused the loss of 25 000 pigs within five months after the first report in late March 2021; Aizawl district is the worst affected area with at least 10 766 pig deaths [reference6]. In Manipur State, ASF has been reported in Thoubal and Imphal East District; it is suspected to be transmitted by illegal pig transportation, according to media [reference7, reference8].

 

Disputed territory (Arunachal Pradesh)

ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs occurred between January and April 2020 in East Siang and Papum Pare Districts [reference1]. Media reported deaths of wild boars in East Siang and Upper Siang Districts [reference2]; a paper reported dead wild boars in the rivulets in Pasighat region [reference3].

 

 

Actions taken by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

 

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea developed the National Strategy for ASF prevention and control during 2020-2025 (issued in May 2021).

 

Actions taken by the Republic of Korea

 

MAFRA strengthened measures to prevent the spread of ASF in summer including: 1) control wild boar population, 2) block and remove contaminants , 3) enhance farm biosecurity [reference1]. In response the recent outbreaks on domestic pig farms in Gangwon-do, control measures are enhanced including pigs culling in infected farms, farm access control, and disinfection [reference2]. MARA together with local governments, Rural Development Administration, the Korea Forest Service, the Rural Community Corporation, and the Agricultural Cooperatives conducted urgent inspection of burial sites and quarantine facilities in ASF risk areas as a prepartion against very strong Typhoon Chantu as heavy rain fall is previcted with very high possibility [reference3].

 

Actions taken by China

 

In August 2020, MARA released “Technical Guidelines for Normalized Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever (Trial version)" which include detail guidance on pig production, transportation, slaughter, and self-testing [reference1]. On 21 April, MARA issued the "Work Plan for Regional Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever and Other Major Animal Diseases (Trial)" to further improve the animal disease prevention and control system. The plan divided the whole country into five regions, and pig movement is restricted only within the region from 1 May 2021. Within the regions, ASF-free zones are created, only pigs from the free zones, breeding pigs and piglets are allowed to move beyond their respective regions [reference2, reference3]; a total of 62 ASF-free areas have been set up throughout the country [reference4]. All five regions [South-Central Region, Eastern Region, Northern Region, South-West Region, North-West Region] signed the Framework Agreements on Joint Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever and Other Major Animal Diseases to implement the above “Work Plan”. China increased the culling compensation criteria to 1 200 yuan per pig which shall reach the owner in half a year, instead of one year as previously defined [reference5]. In response to the discovery of illegal import and distiribution of pork products, to prevent ASF entering pig farms through food waste, Taiwan Province suspended the use of kitchen waste for pig feed from 1 to 30 September 2021 [reference6]. From 15 August 2021, Guangdong Province suspended: 1) slaughtering pigs from other regions (except for those from the registered ASF free zones) and 2) additional management process for pig products that have passed the quarantine inspection at origin, to further promote the transformation to transporting “meat” rather than “live pigs”. With 887 large-scale pig breeding companies, Guangdong Province had pig population 20.37 million for the first half of 2021, reached 95% of the pre-ASF level, with self-sufficiency rate is over 70%, while the current number MARA approved slaughterhouses is 345, 64.6% reduction since 2019. Earlier, the Central-south Region including Guangdong, started zoning trial in 2019, and prohibited the import of pigs (except for breeders, piglets and "point-to-point" transportation) from other regions from 30 November 2019, only allowing the "point-to-point" transport of pigs for slaughter from other regions within 1 000 kilometers [reference7]. A joint press conference was organized in Taiwan Province on prevent ASF introduction through online shopping of pork products over the coming Mid-Autumn festival in late September [reference8].

Figure 2. Live pig prices in China, Viet Nam, and Cambodia (USD/kg)

Live pig prices in China, Viet Nam, and Cambodia (USD/kg)
Click to enlarge - Source: link1, link2, link3.

 

Actions taken by the Philippines

 

The President has placed the country under a state of calamity for a period of one year due to the African swine fever (ASF) outbreak effective 10 May 2021 [reference1], and issued Executive Order to increase the minimum access volume (MAV) of pork meat from 54 210 metric tons (MT) to 254 210 MT this year; the shipments are divided into two batches [reference2, reference3]. The local authorities in the Philippines are mandated to strictly follow the National Zoning implementation and movement plan depending on the level of ASF risks [reference4]. As ASF incidence reduced and repopulation on pig farms has started. DA reported that the twin pig repopulation program including Integrated National Swine Production Initiatives for Recovery and Expansion (INSPIRE) and “Bantay ASF sa Barangay” (BABay ASF) is gradually boosting the recovery of local pig industry with a great reduction in the incidence of ASF [reference5]. Under INSPIRE program, about 6 000 sentinel pigs will be distributed in 60 ASF-hit areas in the seven provinces in Central Luzon Region aiming to encourage the recovery in backyard production [reference6]. A similar scheme was initiated in the Soccsksargen Region, which will give 90 pigs to farmers in two villages of North Cotabato Province. A controlled repopulation may be started if the pigs survive for 90 days [reference7].

 

Actions taken by Malaysia

 

After the first confirmed outbreak in Sabah State, the pigs tested postive for ASF, and pigs within 50 km from the affected area have been culled [reference1]. Although ASF has been only reported in Sabah State, surveillence has been intensified in the whole country [reference2]. The authority of Sarawak State is enforcing its import ban on pig, pork and pork products, tightened inspections at all entrances throughout Sarawak [reference3, reference4].The Sarawak Veterinary Services Department (JPVS) declared Kapit, Miri, and Limbang Divisions as ASF control area, following the detection of the virus in Sabah and North Kalimantan Provinces, according to media [reference5, reference6].

 

Actions taken by Indonesia

 

In December 2019, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) recommended the public the application of biosecurity and good management of pig farms as the main strategic steps to prevent ASF, as well as strict and intensive monitoring of high-risk areas [reference1], and the Livestock and Animal Health Services (DG PKH) formed Emergency Posts with Rapid Response Teams at all levels [reference2]. In West Papua province, Manokwari Regency issued the Circular Letter No. 524.3/324 on high pig mortality due to ASF; Nabire Regency and Dogiyai Regency [reference3, reference4], Sorong City [reference5] have suspended pig and pork transport to prevent introduction of ASF; in East Nusa Tenggara province, Sikka Regency is currently implementing prevention and handling measures, including education, monitoring [reference6]; North Kalimantan has increased vigilance and preparedness [reference7], and the Malinau Regency prohibited hunting of wild boar [reference8].

 

Actions taken by Timor-Leste

 

After the first ASF outbreak in Timor-Leste, the government formed a taskforce team from the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAP), Customs, Quarantine, Border Patrol Police, Immigration, and the Food Safety Authority (AIFAESA) and implemented a movement ban of pig and pork products between Municipalities [reference1]. The MAP prohibited slaughtering ASF infected pigs for their own and other animal’s consumption or for selling, according to the media [reference2].

 

Actions taken by Papua New Guinea

 

©AIQIANAQIA stepped up its ASF national risk communications and awareness campaign; and enhanced advocacy on ASF with communities, district and provincial administrations; response work for affected provinces and preparedness activities for non-infected provinces along the highway. Farmers are urged to practice the biosecurity measures. NAQIA is in talks with commercial players in the piggery industry to look at ways to help small household piggery farmers to get all household piggeries into commercial farming by establishing pig farming schools; and calling on all disease infected provincial governments to consider the affected household pig farmers by putting in logistics and resources [reference1]. To control the movements of pigs and pork products in Highland region, four containment zones have been declared based on their infection status. Zone 1: Hela, Southern Highlands and Enga, Zone 2: Western Highlands and Jiwaka, Zone 3: Simbu, and Zone 4: Eastern Highlands. NAQIA set up Road checkpoints at strategic points [reference2, reference3]. ASF Meeting on Movement of Live Pigs and Pork Products, Zoning, and Value Chain Resilience Strategy was held on 23 June [reference4], a workshop on pig value chain was held on 12 and 13 August [reference5]. To strengthen field capacities for ASF detection and emergency response, FAO facilitated Stock Inspector trainings in four regions since May. NAQIA and ASF Technical Working Group are conducting Consultative workshops on the Biosecurity Policy in Port Moresby.

 

Actions taken by Viet Nam

 

The "National Plan for the Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever for the period of 2020 - 2025" was endorsed on 7 July (972/QD-TTg) set goals for ASF control, pig farm biosecurity application and laboratory capacity development to be achieved; defined restocking conditions, sampling requirements, surveillance, conditions for culling and moving-to-slaughter.

Figure 3. Cumulative number of affected communes since January 2020 in Viet Nam

Cumulative number of  affected communes since January 2020 in Viet  Nam

 

Actions taken by Lao People’s Democratic Republic

 

After ASF outbreaks confirmed in 2019, The Ministry designates Red Area around an outbreak, to control the movement of pig and pork products, and prohibits pork consumption; and yellow Area (3 km radius from the red areas) as designated surveillance zones. When ASF reemerged in June 2020, the Government has declared red zones and is implementing movement control of animals and their products, destruction, disinfection, active surveillance, etc. As of December 2020, all zones have been lifted.

 

Actions taken by Cambodia

 

 Cambodia implemented movement control of live pigs, pork and pork products, stamping out, disposal and disinfection in affected villages [reference1]. In response to the recent ASF detection at border checkpoints and the spread of ASF in neighboring countries, MAFF ordered authorities to cull all pigs in the area [reference2] and requested border provinces to stop illegal pig transportation into the country [reference3]; the General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP) is implementing ASF screening test on imported pigs using ‘Portable PCR’ at border quarantine stations according to media [reference4].

 

Actions taken by Myanmar

 

In response to the recent outbreak, Myanmar has implemented various control measures including movement control, surveillance within containment and protection zone, official disposal of carcasses etc., disinfestation, disinfection, and raised awareness on good animal husbandry practices [reference].

 

Actions taken by Bhutan

 

The authority has implemented 3D (Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfection) operation, surveillance in the infection and protection zones, quarantine and movement control, and sensitization and awareness raising [reference1]. Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA) imposed import ban on live pig, pork and pork products (fresh/ frozen/ dried) from India. Pig farmers are urged to heighten farm biosecurity of their pig farms; ensure kitchen wastes are properly cooked before feeding to the pigs; prevent domestic pigs from coming into contact with wild pigs; and report any suspicious deaths to the nearest livestock centres or BAFRA office [reference2].

 

Actions taken by India

 

The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) released the Disease Control Strategy Plan in June 2020 as guidance for State / UT Governments for ASF prevention, control and containment [reference1]. According to media, Manipur State Veterinary Department has formed its ASF task force, while Thoubal and Imphal East District administrations have banned sales and movement of pigs/pork, feeds and related items from the control/contaminated areas [reference2, reference3]; Mizoram State restricted the procurement and supply of pigs from and to Lungsen village as a response to the outbreak [reference4]; in West Bengal State, Alipuaduar district has raised ASF alert in response to the ASF reported in neighbourting Bhutan, with following actions: 1) restrict movements of pigs; 2) disinfect farms; 3) raised concerns about the risk of ASF spreading to wild boar population in the area [reference5]; in Assam State, the Darrang District suspended pig rearing and sales in infected areas until further notice, according to media [reference6].

 

 FAO’s recommendations

ASF virus can be transmitted through pork and pork products (raw/frozen/dried/under-cooked) in which the virus can survive for a long time. As the Mid-Autumn Festival (21 September) is approaching, the demand for mooncakes and meat has increased significantly. Warning signs should be placed clearly at the border/customs entry including airports and sea ports, stating the consequences of bringing pork and pork products from ASF-infected countries/regions, and instructing passengers to discard pork products in designated disposal places or to hand over to the customs personnel.

 

Countries of the region

  • Animal disease containment in its broadest sense should be prioritized within the highest levels of governments.
  • Application of strict biosecurity measures specific to the different swine producing sectors including frequent cleaning and disinfection of farms, transport vehicles, and improved husbandry practices and production systems.
  • Strengthening surveillance and monitoring of transport of live pigs as well as pork products.
  • Communication to public is to be in place to avoid the rumours leading to food safety perceptions and consumption disruption.
  • Prohibition of swill feeding where feasible; highly regulated where not.
  • Strengthening proper disposal of food waste (food services, airports, seaports), which may contain uncooked pork products.

National Considerations, Inter-Regional Collaboration and Solidarity

  • Strengthening intraregional networks on disease management and diagnostic protocols.
  • Understanding pig and pork value chains within the country and with neighbouring countries is essential for improved risk management...[and more]

 

 FAO’s actions

  • FAO co-organised the Standing Group of Experts for African Swine Fever (SGE-ASF) for Asia and the Pacific, together with the OIE, held online on 7 September 2021.
  • FAO, IUCN and OIE issued a joint communique encouraging members to increase efforts to address ASF. [link]
  • Third Regional GF-TADs Coordination Meeting on ASF on 25 August. [link]
  • FAO is organized a Virtual Regional Training on Value Chain Analysis for Animal Disease Risk Management, using ASF as a model. [link]
  • FAO supported NAQIA in organizing the Pig Value Chain Workshop organized in Papua New Guinea on 12-13 August 2021 in collaboration with PHAMA Plus, DFAT and NFAT. [link]
  • GF-TADs virtual meeting: Stop ASF: Public and private partnering for success. [link - meeting report]
  • FAORAP organized the third regional training of trainers on ASF detection and emergency response engaging animal health officials from Lao PDR, the Philippines and Thailand (15-26 March 2021). [meeting report]
  • FAORAP organised a 2-day virtual regional consultation workshop on ASF preparedness and response for Asia & Pacific (9-10 March 2021).

...[and more]

 

Useful links

  • Video: Be a Champion Farmer!- Biosecurity is key to stop African Swine Fever. [English, Khmer, Lao, Vietnamese, four languages used in Indonesia (Bahasa, Bali, Batak, Kupang), Nepali, Burmese, two languages used in Malaysia (Malay and Iban Sarawak)]
  • Video: Stop ASF by NAQIA - PNG Biosecurity [link]
  • Global Initiative on ASF Control: a GF-TADs Initiative 2020-2025. [English, Française, 中文, Русский, Español]
  • African swine fever detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians (2017). [English, Русский, 中文, Español]
  • Addressing African Swine Fever: Laboratory protocols and algorithms” in collaboration with the Australian Centre for Disease Preparedness (ACDP, formerly AAHL). [reference]
  • African swine fever in wild boar: ecology and biosecurity (2019). [link]
  • Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector. [link]
  • Effective disposal of animal carcasses and contaminated materials on small to medium-sized farms. [link]
  • Risk communication in animal disease outbreaks and emergencies (Laboratory protocols and algorithms). [link]
  • FAO FOOD OUTLOOK. [May 2019, ASF special report from p65; Nov.2020, June 2021]
  • Good Emergency Management Practice: The Essentials. [link]
  • GF-TADs webinar 'An unprecedented global threat - Call for action.' [link1, link2]
  • Global African Swine Fever Research Alliance (GARA) 24-25 August 2020. [link]
  • Standing Group of Experts on African swine fever in Europe. [link]

...[and more]

 

New articles

  • Consequences of African swine fever in India: Beyond economic implications. [link]
  • African Swine Fever Action Week by APHIS/USDA. [link]
  • Transbound Emerg Diseases Special Issue: African swine fever – The Forgotten Pandemic. [link]