Key References and Background Material

The development of the Livestock Toolbox is the second part of the process of improving livestock development planning through the incorporation of environmental considerations into standard planning guidelines.

These studies have drawn on additional materials. Links are provided below to the most significant documents. Further reference material is provided on individual pages of the Toolbox. Please read the discussion on the use and citation of references in the Toolbox.

The first part of the process was to draw together the existing knowledge of livestock - environment interactions, classified by the major production systems of the world. This exercise was completed in 1997 with the publication of two reports.

Issues and Options: Click to open this documentThese reports are intended to contribute to solving one of today's most crucial agricultural dilemmas: how to find a balance between a fast growing global demand for food and the need to sustain the natural resource base of land, water, air and biological diversity. They are a direct response to the concern for food security, as expressed at the World Food Summit, and to the concern expressed for the environment through several international conventions, such as the International Convention on Biological Diversity, the Montreal Protocol on the emission of greenhouse gases and the Convention to Combat Desertification. They are also cast in the light of changes in the global trade environment, following the Uruguay Round Agreement, which may bring about significant changes in the patterns of trade in livestock and livestock products.

Finding a Balance: Click to open the document
 

Fully aware of these concerns, a group of multilateral and bilateral donors and other organisations undertook to identify ways to help the livestock sector to satisfy future demands while at the same time preserving the natural resource base. These are the Commission of the European Union, DANIDA of Denmark, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Ministère de la Coopération of France, BMZ through GTZ in Germany, the Directorate General of International Cooperation of the Netherlands, the Overseas Development Administration of the United Kingdom, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Agency for International Development of the United States, and the World Bank.

Focussing on livestock production and processing, which often have been associated with negative environmental effects, these reports identify how to alleviate the negative and enhance the positive impact of livestock on the environment and thereby contribute to the sustainable use of the natural resource base. The summary report is directed at policy makers. In parallel, the fuller version is directed mainly at a technical audience in the domains of agricultural development, livestock production and the environment.

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The following documents can also be viewed in Adobe Acrobat format
 

Livestock and the Environment: Finding a Balance

These studies arose as a response to the concern for food security, as expressed at the World Food Summit, and to the concern expressed for the environment through several international conventions, such as the International Convention on Biological Diversity, the Montreal Protocol on the emission of greenhouse gases and the Convention to Combat Desertification. These studies were funded by a group of multilateral and bilateral donors and other organizations which undertook to identify ways to help the livestock sector to satisfy future demands while at the same time preserving the natural resource base. The following reports and sections of reports can be viewed in Acrobat format.
 
Volume 1: Executive Summary, Delineation of Zones - Production Systems and Appendix.
Volume 2: Grassland-based Systems in temperate Zones (LGT).
Volume 3: Grassland-based Systems in Humid and Subhumid Tropic and Subtropic Zones (LGH).
Volume 4: Mixed Rainfed Systems in Temperate Zones.
Volume 5: Mixed rainfed Systems in Humid and Subhumid Tropic and Subtropic Zones (MRH). 
Potential environmental impacts of the supply of concentrate feed commodities.
Concentrate feed commodity utilization 1965/67 to 1990/92.
Estimation of total concentrate feed utilization in world regions and production systems.

Note regarding the use of references in the Toolbox

In order to keep the Toolbox user-friendly, we have only included a select number of key references, wherever possible references available on the Worldwide Web or references easily available in developing countries.  We have avoided the apparatus of detailed citations as used in scientific literature.  In surveying large areas of knowledge, both accepted wisdom and more recent findings, there may be instances in which we have failed to give due credit for important findings or concepts, in which case we ask authors to be tolerant. Inclusion of a key reference on a page does not imply that the author agrees with all the content of that page.  Further suggestions for key references can be made via the feedback facility.
 
 

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