Stimulating Non-Farm Rural Employment

A policy of stimulating non-farm rural employment is important to relieve population pressure on mixed farming systems, and to create a market for mixed-farm smallholders to serve, as well as to make the livelihoods of rural households people more diverse and therefore more robust. The wider availability of non-farm rural employment (NFRE) can have the following positive effects:

Some potential negative effects include: Policy priorities include: as well as: Some key criteria to be used in appraising the effectiveness of policies or projects to create NFRE include: For the special case of creating non-livestock based employment in pastoral systems click here

Key References

Ellis, F. 1999. Rural Livelihood Diversity in Developing Countries: Evidence and Policy Implications. ODI Natural Resource Perspectives, No.40

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