By now, at the close of the e-conference, the importance of poultry as a tool in poverty alleviation must be getting clearer to us.
Did we identify the essentials of the Bangladesh Poultry Model? That is:
- The minimum interrelated set of component activities and procedures necessary for its successful implementation?
- Comparison, evaluation and analysis of the 3 levels and the components of these levels as presented by various contributors especially Jensen and Dolberg?
Did we note the progress in the development and complexity of the model (e.g. the number and nomenclature of the components - model rearer, key rearer, etc.)?
Could we find the functional equivalents for these essentials in the different cultural, economic and policy contexts of the countries where we work and or live?
What similarities and differences did we find in the other models presented from:
- Asia - Vietnam, Nepal, Philippines, Fiji, etc.;
- Africa - Benin, Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Kenya, Morocco, etc.
- Latin America - Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua, etc?
Can we start developing a viable process of implementation in our country of concern? This may involve the following steps:
1. Assessment of the socio-economic indices related to poverty, (e.g. UNDP's Human Development Index) as well as the causes of poverty.
2. Location and Density of poverty (population), i.e. proportion of poor in the villages (rural), slums (peri-urban), inner cities (urban) ; relate poverty density to the administrative costs of services and supply;
3. Project Target(s): Identifying the very poor and moderately poor rural women (and the educated jobless youth, for different components?) by using, for example, agricultural land holdings, CASHPOR's Housing Index, Participatory Wealth Ranking, etc.
4. Group Formation or Alternative Social Collateral Group size and dynamics; optimum group numbers/village
Group/Participant interest exclusive or inclusive (SHP only or not) Alternative Social Collateral - matching loan to participant's savings
5. Model Component Mix Model enterprises to be implemented, based on availability of inputs and technical services, cultural, social and economic parameters
6. Viable Credit Strategy First loan size (USD 50-100?) versus input prices (DOC, feed ingredients, pullets, vaccines and medicines, parent stock, etc.); Loan form (cash or kind). Interest and pay back period versus production cycle for components, compared with the commercial bank interest rates and specifications.
What about the essential or enabling conditions and contextual factors related to the implementation?
1. Human and Institutional Capacity: Availability of suitable GO, NGO and/or Partner Organisations
Availability of technically qualified human resource in GO and NGO
Capacity for Project Coordination and Administration:
Management of technical services
Management of extension and credit services;
separately or combined - by the same or different institutions.
2. Political (policy) imperatives
Poverty alleviation priority
Freedom of entry and exit into self employment in the different enterprise components of the model especially marketing, vaccination, feed milling, breeding, etc.
3. Efficient system of marketing poultry products
- price, demand and supply
With these few questions, we can ensure that the end of our e-conference will be the beginning of our closer engagement with the potentials and problems of family poultry development.
These issues will be further dealt with during the workshop in Bangladesh. Plan to attend by starting early to look for funds, getting a "country team" together and attempting answers to the questions above. We look forward to your answers during the workshop.
Thank you very much for your patience throughout this long e-conference.