Pigs and Income Generation
Commercial pig production and related enterprises have developed rapidly near towns as demand for livestock products increases. This growth in demand has created income-generating opportunities and hence given producers a degree of economic power.
But the vast majority of people involved in pig production are small-scale producers in developing countries. As people pursue opportunities for income generation along the pork production chain, its potential to contribute extensively to rural development is evident, particularly because other agricultural activities may be hampered by poor infrastructure and lack of institutional support for small enterprises.
A major constraint on the growth of small-scale pig production is access to adequate production inputs and to markets. Linkages to pork marketing chains beyond local markets can be achieved through contract farming, where small production units receive inputs from a contractor, who takes the outputs. Such contract arrangements have to be based on a system of equal risks and benefits in order to be sustainable.