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生态农业定义

农业生态学/生态农业在许多地方由许多不同利益相关者提出了多种形式的定义。上世纪20年代以来,科学家和研究人员就使用农业生态学/生态农业一词,意指将生态原则应用于农业。但是直到上世纪80年代初,生态学者、农学家、民族植物学家才命名了“农业生态”这一学科。

由于对农业生态学/生态农业这一说法的广泛应用和理解,粮农组织建立了一个定义数据库。粮农组织收集对农业生态学/生态农业的各种定义,来源包括由科学家、民间社会、学术机构和各国政府编写的已出版文件、法律文件和政策等。

该数据库表明农业生态学/生态农业所涉范围广泛,同时也表明在不同定义中因地制宜采用的共同要素。这些共同要素在粮农组织农业生态学/生态农业框架中得到体现。

粮农组织的农业生态学/生态农业10个要素框架根据所提出的农业生态学共同原则制定,综合考虑了基于社会、经济、环境这三大可持续发展支柱的生物物理和社会经济要素。不同要素可能在各种配置中发挥作用,使社会、经济、环境方面密切结合。

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The Science of Agroecology is defined as the application of ecological concepts and principles to the design and management of sustainable agroecosystems.
定义
1995
Agroecology is the integrative study of the ecology of the entire food system, encompassing ecological, economic and social dimensions.
定义
2003
Agroecology is a scientific discipline that seeks to provide an objective, ecologically based assessment of the structure, function, multidimensionality, and special scale of food systems. It is a complex science, one that links the ecological, economic, social, ethical, and legal aspects of food production. All spatial scales are considered, from...
定义
2004
Wezel et al. (2007) have observed that the word agroecology is variously used to refer to a science, a movement and a practice. In a book written by, and largely for, La Via Campesina (LVC), Machín Sosa et al. (2010:16, translated from the Spanish) similarly note that “for the social...
定义
2013
Agroecology is a way of life and the language of Nature that we learn as her children. It is not a mere set of technologies or production practices. It cannot be implemented the same way in all territories. Rather it is based on principles that, while they may be similar...
定义
2015
Agro-ecology is the study of the relation of agricultural crops and environment.
定义
2003
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