FAO's work on Climate Change
Climate change threatens our ability to achieve global food security, eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from human activity and livestock are a significant driver of climate change, trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere and triggering global warming.
Climate change has both direct and indirect effects on agricultural productivity including changing rainfall patterns, drought, flooding and the geographical redistribution of pests and diseases. The vast amounts of CO2 absorbed by the oceans causes acidification, influencing the health of our oceans and those whose livelihoods and nutrition depend on them. FAO is supporting countries to both mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change through a wide range of research based and practical programmes and projects, as an integral part of the 2030 agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals.
In order to safeguard and support the world’s agri-cultural heritage systems, FAO started an initiative for the identification and the dynamic conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage systems (GIAHS) in 2002....
Smallholder farmers in West and Central Africa are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For them, small-scale irrigation and other forms of agricultural water management are critical in...
Agroecology is based on applying ecological concepts and principles to optimize interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment while taking into consideration the social aspects that need to be...
By impacting on agro-ecosystems, climate change and variability have socio-economic implications on the livelihoods and food security and nutrition of the most vulnerable. On the other hand, the agriculture sectors are also significant greenhouse gas emitters.
These guidance notes aim to assist policy advisors and policymakers confronted with the challenge of ensuring food security and nutrition in the face of climate change and extreme climate events.
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FAO supports countries to achieve their NDCs
At the UNFCCC Climate Conference (COP21) in December 2015, Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) were the basis for negotiations, helping form the Paris Agreement. At COPP22 in 2016 these INDCs became Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) - roadmaps for achieving the Paris Agreement. The Agriculture sectors feature prominently in the 161 INDCs and 22 NDCs submitted to the UNFCCC by 189 countries as at 29 July 2016.
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