Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme
The MICCA Programme
Launched in 2010, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme is working to make agriculture more climate-smart.
A multidisciplinary programme funded by Finland, Germany and Norway, MICCA builds on FAO’s long-standing work carried out by its different technical departments and collaborates with international and national organizations. MICCA complements other FAO and United Nations efforts to address climate change and collaborates with the UN-REDD Programme. The technical information generated by the Programme supports negotiation processes undertaken through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Latest from MICCA
National planning for GHG mitigation in agriculture: A guidance document
MICCA Series 8
New FAO Estimates of GHG Emissions from Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land use
A new FAO Report provides the most comprehensive knowledge to date on the regional and sectoral distribution of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) activities. The data is made available for free through the FAOSTAT Emissions database. The FAO GHG data are an integral part of the Working Group III contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The new analysis highlights the role of agriculture in climate change, helping to clarify the critical importance of crop and livestock production, deforestation and peatland degradation.
Better information on AFOLU emissions is critical in many developing countries, given the potential to identify and fund mitigation actions that can usefully bridge national food security, resilience, mitigation and development goals into one coherent package.
Tackling climate change through livestock
An important emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG), the livestock sector also has a large potential to reduce its emissions. This is the main conclusion drawn by the report “Tackling climate change through livestock”. This newly released report provides the most comprehensive global assessment made to-date of the livestock sector’s GHG emissions and its mitigation potential.
The report also presents a detailed assessment of the magnitude, the sources and pathways of emissions from different production systems and supply chains. Relying on life cycle assessment, statistical analysis and scenario building, it identifies concrete options to reduce emissions.
It comes at a time when the world needs to urgently reduce GHG emissions to avert catastrophic climate change. The livestock sector can make an important contribution to such international efforts by offsetting some of the sector’s emission increases, which are expected as demand for livestock products is projected to grow by 70 percent by 2050.
Two new publications on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in agriculture
The guidance document provides national policy makers, advisors and other stakeholders in the agriculture sector with an introduction to the main climate change mitigation planning approaches and the key elements that may need to be considered in the planning process for agricultural systems.
It describes two of the main approaches to greenhouse gas mitigation planning in developing countries: Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). It explains the possible relationships between them and their status within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The review paper and the report offer both building blocks for NAMAs, and a step-by-step approach for designing them. The need to align NAMAs with agricultural development goals is highlighted.
National mitigation planning processes have policy, technical and institutional dimensions that need to be addressed in an integrated manner. The guidebook provides examples from mitigation planning processes in developing countries to illustrate the range of options for addressing these key elements in country-specific ways.
This review of national greenhouse gas mitigation planning in the agriculture sector provides national policy makers and others in the agriculture sector with an overview of national mitigation planning processes and aids them in identifying the relevance of these processes for promoting agricultural development. It also provides policy makers and advisors involved in low-emission development planning processes with an overview of mitigation planning in the agriculture sector and highlights the relevance of agriculture to national mitigation plans and actions.
These recent publications are both based on input from a workshop, ’National mitigation planning and implementation in agriculture’, organized by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and FAO held at FAO headquarters in July 2012.
Greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture sector presented for the first time in FAO Statistical yearbook 2013
The 2013 edition of FAO's Statistical Yearbook released today sheds new light on agriculture's contribution to global warming, trends in hunger and malnutrition and the state of the natural resource base upon which world food production depends.
To view the FAO Statistical yearbook 2013, click here.
Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Livestock Production - A review of technical options for non-CO2 emissions
This report presents a unique and exhaustive review of current knowledge on mitigation practices for greenhouse gas emissions in the livestock sector. It focuses specifically on non-CO2 emissions from enteric fermentation and manure management.
It is part of a stream of activities being carried out by FAO to identify low greenhouse gas emission pathways for the livestock sector. The report references over 900 publications on the mitigation of direct nitrous oxide and methane emissions and highlights the most promising options, given their demonstrated effectiveness and feasibility for adoption. The review was deliberately limited to in vivo experiments to reflect what can be achieved with available mitigation practices.
This in-depth assessment will inform the livestock industry, academia, governmental and non-governmental organizations that are interested in identifying and designing mitigation interventions for the sector. It will also help to identify research and development priorities
To view the report click here.
Peer reviewed articles
The monitoring and assessment of greenhouse gases team have had several peer reviewed articles published. To access the articles, click here.