The MICCA Programme

Since 2010 the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme has contributed to making agriculture more climate-smart.

MICCA is a multidisciplinary programme funded by Finland, Germany and Norway. The programme complements other FAO and United Nations efforts to address climate change and collaborates with the UN-REDD Programme in the reduction of deforestation. The technical information generated by the MICCA programme supports negotiation processes undertaken through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Areas of work


Video: Climate-Smart Agriculture in Action: Africa, Asia and Latin America © FAO, 2015

Agriculture directly accounts for 1012 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, the equivalent of some five billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. As reported in 'Agriculture, forestry and other land use emissions by sources and removals by sinks' changes in the way land is used, especially deforestation driven by agricultural expansion in tropical areas, accounts for a further 10–­­­­12 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions.

Agricultural production must increase if the global food supply is to keep pace with population growth. Changes in agricultural practices and supply chains can help the world to meet its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. At the same time it can address food security and sustainable rural development issues. Agricultural production systems managed using the climate-smart approach way, emit fewer greenhouse gases, create significant carbon sinks, and become more productive and more resilient in the face of climate change. Ultimately, it is the world’s farmers who will have the largest role to play, if more efficient, climate-smart agricultural practices are to be used.


MICCA's activities are made possible thanks to the generous support from the governments of Finland, Germany and Norway. 


last updated:  Monday, November 30, 2015