FAO publications 

Key FAO documents on Climate Change


New publications


Evidence-based assessment of the sustainability and replicability of integrated food-energy systems. A guidance document Bioenergy when managed sustainably and efficiently can be an alternative energy source that helps reduce energy access problems. Rural and urban communities can benefit from increased access to energy, and therefore improved food security when bioenergy feedstock is produced guided by principles of sustainable production intensification and energy efficiency improvements are made by applying agro-ecological practices and locally adapted technologies.. To mitigate the risks of bioenergy production threatening food security and to harness the potential benefits of bioenergy productionFAO recommends appling good practices of bioenergy production from the onset. The production of bioenergy in Integrated Food-Energy Systems (IFES) is one of such good practices since these systems meet both food and energy demands.This publication presents an analytical framework which serves to screen different IFES options systematically and helps to define which IFES systems are sustainable and replicable. In concrete terms, this framework is envisioned to be a guidance document that allows its user to assess which factors make an IFES truly sustainable and which factors need to be considered when replicating such a system - be it a pilot project, a business innovation or a research experiment. Furthermore, it helps to systematically describe the potential contribution of IFES to sustainable agriculture and the growing bioeconomy, and to raise awareness among decision-makers about which factors can facilitate the replication of such innovative projects.While the concept of IFES builds on the principles of sustainable intensification and the ecosystem approach, it stresses the fact that the diversification of crop and livestock species can lead to a sustainable production of both food and energy feedstock, as long as relevant practices and technologies are locally devised and adapted. It further emphasises that energy efficiency can be reached in these systems when applying sound agr... [more]
Mountains and Climate Change-From Understanding to Action Mountains are among the regions most affected by climate change. The implications of climate change will reach far beyond mountain areas, as the contributions in the present publication prepared for the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in 2009 show. Themes discussed are water, glaciers and permafrost, hazards, biodiversity, food security, and migration. The case studies included show that concrete adaptive action has been taken in many mountain areas of the world. The publication concludes with a series of recommendations for sustainable mountain development in the face of climate change. [more]
Managing climate risks and adapting to climate change in the agriculture sector in Nepal Projected future scenarios of climate suggest that climatic conditions in Nepal will worsen, which may imply even more frequent occurrences of climate-related extremes and negative impacts on food production. However, by adopting the right measures, it is possible to manage the climate risks and adapt to the challenges posed by increasing climate variability and climate change. Efforts to promote such measures require a comprehensive approach that includes strengthening the capacities of institutions and delivering needbased services to farming communities. This report provides detailed information about climate and its variability in Nepal, including past trends, future climate change projections and likely impacts on the agriculture sector. The report elaborates the institutional context for managing climate risks and adaptation and reiterates the need to strengthen the collection and analysis of data and information. A comprehensive typology of coping and adaptation strategies for managing current climate risks and building the necessary knowledge and good practices for advancing adaptation over the longer term is presented. The report also examines the issues and opportunities for mainstreaming climate change concerns into broader agriculture and food security policies, plans and strategies. [more]
An Innovative Accounting Framework for the Food-Energy-Water Nexus Human wellbeing relies upon the availability and wisemanagement of food, energy and water. The interconnections between these resources makeclear that the management of each of them cannot be considered in isolation but in an integrated and holistic way. Inter-linkages should be considered also among different scales, between local and global processes of resources use, and between social and economic aspects of a society, in order to properly assess the impacts of new policies or interventions.This report presents the results of the application of an integrated analysis approach, the Multi- Scale Integrated Assessment of Society and Ecosystem Metabolismto three casestudies: (i) an analysis of the option to produce biofuel from sugarcane in the Republic of Mauritius; (ii) an exploration of the future of grain production in the Indianstate of Punjab; (iii) an assessment of two alternative energy sources to produce electricity in the Republic of South Africa. [more]

last updated:  Wednesday, October 9, 2013