Лесное хозяйство в засушливых регионах

На этой странице представлен список ресурсов, специально предназначенных для засушливых районов и лесного хозяйства в засушливых регионах, таких как: рабочие документы, документы по лесному хозяйству, периодические издания и другие публикации.


Building climate-resilient dryland forests and agrosilvopastoral production systems

An approach for context-dependent economic, social and environmentally sustainable transformations

This paper provides a short list of expected transformations (under each of the three sustainability pillars) for guiding the planning and implementation of policy, governance and practice-level actions. Gender and indigenous people’s rights and knowledge will be considered cross-cutting issues. The expected transformations will be shared with and agreed by dryland experts and practitioners and will be complemented with additional relevant information sources and indicators. The paper will also present case studies portraying actions that have led to progress in sustainability and are directly related to the expected transformations. A related policy brief Blooming Drylands will complement the paper and offer practical recommendations on how policymakers can reach the expected transformations.

Trees, forests and land use in drylands: the first global assessment

Drylands cover 41 percent of the Earth's land surface. This publication presents the results of the first global assessment of trees, forests and land use in these lands. The assessment breaks new methodological ground: it relies on the visual interpreation of freely available satellite images, carried out by more than 200 experts in a series of regional workshops. Using a tool called Open Foris ollect Earth, developed by FAO in collaboration with Google, participants gathered and analysed information for mrore than 200 000 sample plots worldwide.

Building BRIDGES between Turkey and Africa’s Great Green Wall

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in partnership with Turkey’s Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, is working to support Eritrea, Mauritania and Sudan as they fight land degradation and desertification through sustainable management of their natural resources and by restoring degraded forests and landscapes. Through the FAO-Turkey Forestry Partnership programme, FAO is developing and implementing Boosting Restoration, Income, Development, Generating Ecosystem Services (BRIDGES), a project that contributes to Africa’s Great Green Wall initiative and will work in synergy with the Action Against Desertification project.

The Dyland Restoration Initiative Platform (DRIP)

The Dryland Restoration Initiative Platform (DRIP) is an interactive web portal with an online tool to support practitioners, project managers, policy-makers and decision-makers in compiling and analysing data and capturing and sharing lessons learned from restoration initiatives, thus advancing the monitoring and assessment of these initiatives globally. DRIP was developed and tested with the active participation of dryland restoration experts and practitioners worldwide.

A Great Green Wall of Resilience

This publication presents efforts by FAO and partners on mapping the intervention area of the Great Green Wall initiative and restoration opportunities based on data gathered through Collect Earth and in support of presenting FAO's effort at COP22 in Marrakech on 14 November 2016.

Trees, forests and land use in drylands: The first global assessment

Preliminary findings

Drylands cover about 41 percent of the Earth’s land surface and are home to 2 billion people, the majority of whom depend on forests and other wooded lands, grasslands and trees on farms for income and to meet basic needs. Yet surprising little is known about such ecosystems in drylands, despite widespread recognition of the need to restore drylands to cope with the effects of drought, desertification, land degradation and climate change. This document presents preliminary results of the first global assessment of trees, forests and land use in drylands. It reports, among other things, that the global drylands contain 1.11 billion hectares of forest, which is more than one-quarter of the global forest area. There are also about 13.5 billion trees outside forests in drylands. More than 200 experts with knowledge of the land and land uses in specific dryland regions conducted the assessment, using freely available satellite imagery and a newly developed survey methodology. The pioneering study by FAO and many partners will be fully reported later in 2016.

Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands

Building resilience and benefiting livelihoods

In 2011 and 2012, FAO member countries requested FAO to conduct a comprehensive analysis, evaluation and documentation of afforestation, reforestation and restoration projects, programmes and initiatives in drylands. In response, FAO launched the FAO Drylands Restoration Initiative with the aim of capturing, evaluating and sharing knowledge on dryland restoration. This publication is an output of this initiative, drawing lessons from the many experiences in dryland restoration worldwide. It is targeted at policymakers and other decision-makers, and dryland restoration practitioners, because both groups have the power to bring about positive change. Well-informed policymakers and decision-makers can be enablers of effective restoration efforts by providing appropriate policies, governance mechanisms and financial and other incentives.

Unasylva - No. 245 - Forest and landscape restoration

The publication of this issue of Unasylva coincides with two important events for forests. The 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change have just convened at the Paris Climate Change Conference to broker a game-changing agreement on climate change. Also in Paris, the Global Landscapes Forum 2015 is hosting high-level discussions on the research and policy behind land-use issues. Forest and landscape restoration is a key piece in the puzzle. The Oxford English Dictionary defines “restoration” as the “action of restoring a thing to a former state or position”. Forest and landscape restoration (FLR), however, invests the word with a far greater role than that of simply returning to a past state.

The Rome Promise

Drylands Monitoring Week 2015

From the 19th to the 23rd of January 2015, in Rome, FAO, WRI and IUCN with funding support of EU-ACP and GEF, organized a workshop on “Monitoring and assessment of drylands: forests, rangelands, trees and agrosilvopastoral systems”. Gathering 80 participants from countries and international organizations. This event led to the “Rome Promise” in which participants agreed to: (i) Form an open-ended collaborative network or community of practice to advance monitoring and assessment of drylands, including understanding of their users, (ii) Communicate the value and importance of drylands monitoring to relevant stakeholders, including policy makers and resource partners, and (iii) Develop a dynamic roadmap for collaborative action

Unasylva - No. 242 - A new dynamic for mediterranean forests

Mediterranean forests are interwoven with the lives of the people of the region. They provide wood, cork and other products, as well as being a source of income for many. They contribute to the conservation of biodiversity, capture and store carbon, protect soil and water, and offer areas for recreation. Yet they are under increasing pressure. This includes pressures from humans, whose needs are growing and shifting, and stresses due to climatic changes including temperature increases, reduced rainfall and prolonged periods of drought.
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