Agricultural Development Economics

World agriculture towards 2030/2050: The 2012 Revision
Current UN projections indicate that world population could increase by 2.25 billion people from today’s levels, reaching 9.15 billion by 2050. At the global level, agricultural production and consumption in 2050 are projected to be 60 percent higher than in 2005/07.

The perceived limit to producing food for a growing global population remains a source of debate and preoccupation despite the agriculture sector’s historical ability to meet such demand. This paper is the latest in the series which aims to provide insights into how food and agriculture may develop, between now and 2050, making note of key assumptions and uncertainties. Such a long look forward is inherently burdened with uncertainty, but the methodical inclusion of the range of technical expertise found throughout FAO on likely paths of development and constraints results in an outlook that is widely used for planning and framing debates in food and agriculture.

Achieving Zero Hunger - The critical role of investments in social protection and agriculture (second edition)
This paper provides estimates of investment costs, both public and private, required to eliminate chronic dietary energy deficits, or to achieve zero hunger by 2030. This target is consistent with achieving both the Sustainable Development Goal 2, to eliminate hunger by 2030, and the Sustainable Development Goal 1, to eradicate poverty. The study adopts a reference 'baseline' scenario, reflecting a business as usual situation, to estimate the additional investment requirements. In this scenario, around 650 million people will still suffer from hunger in 2030.

Looking ahead in world food and agriculture: Perspectives to 2050
This volume follows up on a high-level expert meeting on How to Feed to the World in 2050 held in 2001, by gathering updated versions of technical materials prepared for the occasion, along with further work.

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