Agricultural Development Economics

Rural transformation, agricultural and food system transition: Building the evidence base for policies that promote sustainable development, food and nutrition security and poverty reduction

19-20 September 2016, FAO headquarters, Rome, Italy

FAO is developing a programme of work that will provide evidence on the diversity and the determinants of the pathways of rural transformation and patterns of agricultural and food system transitions in a context of accelerated urbanization and increased pressure on natural resources. 

The assessments give importance to the role of policies, governance and institutions in steering such change processes. When studying agricultural and rural development pathways, the specificity of regional and local contexts has to be considered, including geographic conditions and the quality of governance. Evidence from this programme of work will feed into FAO’s normative work and policy support to countries, promoting sustainable development, food security and nutrition, and poverty reduction. 

Within this programme of work, FAO invites the submission of papers to be presented during the conference. Relevant areas of work refer to micro and macro research on rural and structural transformation and agricultural and food system transition including: 

• Past experiences rural and agrarian transformation and transition patterns across regions and countries;
• The role of land tenure patterns, farm size, and land distribution;
• The role of natural resource endowment and water availability and governance systems for their management;
• Agricultural productivity growth and the role of technology innovation, adaptation and diffusion;
• Sustainability in use of inputs and natural resources;
• Patterns of farm and non-farm income and employment diversification;
• The role of infrastructure, market access, rural-urban linkages, and territorial development;
• The role of shock and risk-coping mechanisms (or absence thereof), including social protection;
• The role of demographic dynamics, migratory patterns and processes of urbanization;
• Impact of dietary transitions on land use, food and farm systems; and
• The quality of governance and institutions.

Presentations from a technical workshop held on 19-20 September 2016, FAO headquarters

Transformation 1
• Structural Transformation in sub-Saharan Africa - Thurlow, Diao, Dorosh

Transformation 2
• Middle East North Africa - Breisinger, Diao, Dorosh

Transformation 3
pdf Latin America & Caribbean - Anriquez, Valdés, Foster
• Rural transformation and social inclusion in 21st century Latin America: Trends and Patterns, López and Berdegué

Transformation 4
pdf Agricultural transformation of middle-income Asian economies Diversification, farm size and mechanization - Dawe
• The Economics of Transformation: What Drives Growth in Household Income? - Zant 

Markets 1
• The Heterogeneous Welfare Effects of Rural Non-Farm Employment: Evidence from Malawi - Dos Santos Benfica, Adjognon, Liverpool-Tasie, Fuente
pdf Africa’s evolving employment structure: Causes and Consequences - Yeboah, Jayne

Markets 2
pdf Land Misallocation and Productivity - Santaeulàlia-Llopis, Restuccia
pdf An evolution in the middle: Understanding how multinational investments in grain trading are transforming smallholder markets Zambia - Sitko, Tschirley, Chisanga
pdf Intra-Rural Migration in Tanzania and Pathways of Welfare Change - Yocheved Wineman, Jayne

Value Chains 1
pdf Investments in agricultural productivity vs rural commercialization: which way to rapid poverty reduction in Ethiopia? - Aragie, Balié, McDonald
• Contract Farming and Income Variability - Bellemare, Novak
• Stuck exchange: can cash transfers push smallholders out of autarky? - Daidone, Prifti, Davis, Ufford, Stanfeld, Handa, Seidenfeld, Tembo

• The Impact of Agricultural Productivity Change on Household Consumption and Assets in Sub-Saharan Africa - Amare, Denno Cissé, Jensen, Shiferaw
• Patterns of International Knowledge Spillovers in Agriculture - Eberhardt, Fuglie
pdf Combining Sustainable Agricultural Practices Pays Off: Evidence on Welfare Effects from Northern Ghana - Gebremariam, Wünsche

Governance and Rural Development Policy
pdf The role of Regulations for Structural Transformation in Agriculture - Divanbeigi, Saliola
• Measuring Agricultural and Structural Transformation - Naseem, Oehmke, Anderson
• Agricultural Growth Corridors and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: research needs for impact, implementation and institutions - Serraj, Byers, Engel, Molina, Rampa, Sayer