Agricultural Development Economics
 

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Improving access to food through broad-based participation in income-generating activities in key agricultural supply chains, together with the development of safety nets that protect the welfare of Liberia’s diverse types of vulnerable individuals and households represent two of the major [...]
   
Rice is the largest user of water in Asia, probably accounting for more than half of irrigation water withdrawals. Two key trends in the Asian rice economy that may be affecting water productivity are the rapid spread of pump irrigation [...]
   
Liberalization of Egyptian agricultural policy and new wheat technology has led to significant increases in area allocated to wheat as well as wheat yields. The wheat self-sufficiency ratio increased from 21 percent in 1986 to about 59 percent over the [...]
   

Moving away from poverty: A spatial analysis of poverty and migration in Albania

Alberto Zezza, Gero Carletto, and Benjamin Davis [ 2005 ]
This paper analyses recent patterns of migration and poverty in Albania, a country that following the collapse of the communist regime in 1990 – has been experiencing high migration rates. Using a combination of survey and census data, the paper [...]
   

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2005

Eradicating world hunger – key to achieving the Millennium Development Goals
FAO [ 2005 ]
Only ten years now remain before the 2015 deadline by which world leaders have pledged to reduce hunger and extreme poverty by half and to make substantial gains in education, health, social equity, environmental sustainability and international solidarity. The State [...]
   
This paper examines international trends in plant variety protection, a form of intellectual property rights for plant varieties akin to patents. The TRIPs Agreement under the WTO has given a strong impetus for the universalisation of plant variety protection regimes [...]
   

HIV/AIDS and the Agricultural sector: Implications for policy in Eastern and Southern Africa

T. S. Jayne, Marcela Villarrea, Prabhu Pingali, Günter Hemrich [ 2005 ]
This paper draws upon development economics theory, demographic projections, and empirical evidence to consider the likely consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for the agricultural sector of the hardest-hit countries of Eastern and Southern Africa. We identify four processes that have [...]
   

Monitoring poverty without consumption data: An application using the Albania panel survey

Carlo Azzarri, Gero Carletto, Benjamin Davis and Alberto Zezza [ 2005 ]
In developing countries poverty is generally measured with expenditure data. Such data are difficult and costly to obtain and it is generally recommended to collect them every 3-5 years. In between surveys, however, there is a clear need to provide [...]
   
Social protection aims to provide a national platform for smoothly transitioning from a chaotic collection of shock responses to an institutionalized system for risk and non-risk management. For the poorest, the transition aims to move away from ad hoc, unpredictable [...]
   

Food security and nutrition in Bangladesh: Progress and determinants

Mahabub Hossain, Firdousi Naher, Quazi Shahabuddin [ 2005 ]
For Bangladesh food security was synonymous with achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and stabilization in rice prices. The country has made good progress in increasing rice production through technological progress, facilitated by private sector investment in small scale irrigation. But, [...]