Agricultural Development Economics

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The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2005

Eradicating world hunger – key to achieving the Millennium Development Goals
FAO [ 2005 ]
Only ten years now remain before the 2015 deadline by which world leaders have pledged to reduce hunger and extreme poverty by half and to make substantial gains in education, health, social equity, environmental sustainability and international solidarity. The State [...]
This paper examines international trends in plant variety protection, a form of intellectual property rights for plant varieties akin to patents. The TRIPs Agreement under the WTO has given a strong impetus for the universalisation of plant variety protection regimes [...]

HIV/AIDS and the Agricultural sector: Implications for policy in Eastern and Southern Africa

T. S. Jayne, Marcela Villarrea, Prabhu Pingali, Günter Hemrich [ 2005 ]
This paper draws upon development economics theory, demographic projections, and empirical evidence to consider the likely consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic for the agricultural sector of the hardest-hit countries of Eastern and Southern Africa. We identify four processes that have [...]

Monitoring poverty without consumption data: An application using the Albania panel survey

Carlo Azzarri, Gero Carletto, Benjamin Davis and Alberto Zezza [ 2005 ]
In developing countries poverty is generally measured with expenditure data. Such data are difficult and costly to obtain and it is generally recommended to collect them every 3-5 years. In between surveys, however, there is a clear need to provide [...]
Social protection aims to provide a national platform for smoothly transitioning from a chaotic collection of shock responses to an institutionalized system for risk and non-risk management. For the poorest, the transition aims to move away from ad hoc, unpredictable [...]

Food security and nutrition in Bangladesh: Progress and determinants

Mahabub Hossain, Firdousi Naher, Quazi Shahabuddin [ 2005 ]
For Bangladesh food security was synonymous with achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and stabilization in rice prices. The country has made good progress in increasing rice production through technological progress, facilitated by private sector investment in small scale irrigation. But, [...]
During the last 3 decades, donors and governments have invested in the development and dissemination of new technologies in the semi-arid tropics of West Africa. Though a wide range of improved technologies has been developed, adoption remains low without a [...]
In spite of the fact that the Ugandan National Agricultural Research System has developed and released several production-enhancing technologies over a century, yields of most major crops at the farm level have been low. Given that about 80 percent of [...]

The green revolution in Zimbabwe

Jane Alumira, Joseph Rusike [ 2005 ]
This paper presents a historical overview of plant breeding research, variety release and seed supply of staple food grains in Zimbabwe, and assesses the impacts of the new varieties on yields using national aggregate yield data. The paper also analyses [...]

The maize green revolution in Kenya revisited

Hugo De Groote, George Owuor, Cheryl Doss, James Ouma, Lutta Muhammad and K. Danda [ 2005 ]
The maize green revolution, which increased maize yields through the use of improved varieties and fertilizer, has stalled since the mid-eighties in Kenya. This paper examines whether the stagnation of yields continued in the 1990s in spite of the implementation [...]