Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism (FMM)

FMM partner updates: new and renewed commitments for greater impact


The past year marked a time of growth and renewed commitments for FAO’s Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism, the principal pooled funding mechanism for partners willing to contribute flexible voluntary resources to the Organization. In 2019, FMM membership doubled from four to eight resource partners and commitments for the current phase amounted to approximately USD 41 million, generating tremendous momentum for greater impact and accountability in 2020 and beyond. 



Sweden is a pioneering advocate for un-earmarked and flexible funding. In its longstanding partnership with FAO, Sweden has invested in critical areas, including sustainable agriculture, economic and social development, and the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. The Swedish Government supported three phases of the FMM by contributing over USD 19.3 million between 2010-2013, about USD 15.5 million between 2014-2017 and committed approximately USD 16 million for the current phase (2018–2021). Sweden recognizes agility as an advantage of the FMM and acknowledges the benefits of flexible funding in enabling swift responses to needs. Support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) has been instrumental in the implementation of key FMM priority areas including sustainable food systems, climate change in agriculture, generational gaps, migration and fragility.

The Netherlands

The Netherlands was one of the first resource partners to provide funds to the FMM since creation of the mechanism in 2010. The Government of Netherlands supported two phases of the FMM by contributing approximately USD 6.7 million between 2010-2013 and about USD 18 million between 2014-2017. The significant support of the Netherlands has been instrumental in promoting cross-sector collaboration as well as cost-effective interventions that have transformed the lives of hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries over the years. FAO and the Netherlands have delivered on a myriad of areas including building resilience against food shortages and stimulating inclusive and sustainable growth in the agricultural sector.


Norwegian support has been instrumental in aiding FAO’s efforts to bridging the divide between humanitarian and development objectives. In 2019, Norway, through the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), reaffirmed its commitment to achieving sustainable development by officially joining FMM with a commitment of NOK 90 million (approximately USD 10 million) over three years (2019-2021). Norad is partnering with the FMM to support the FAO’s work on sustainable food systems and climate change in agriculture. This partnership is strategic for achieving even more impact, cost–effective results and innovative collaboration. 


The Belgian Government's commitment to the FMM has significantly contributed to the expansion of this innovative funding modality. Since it joined in 2013 and contributed approximately USD 14 million for the FMM phase 2014-2017, Belgium remains one of the strongest supporters of the mechanism. The Government of Belgium has contributed to the expansion of FAO’s work on food systems, nutrition, climate change in agriculture, youth employment, women’s empowerment, as well as migration and fragility. In 2017, Belgium made a commitment to the FMM of EUR 8 million over four years (2017–2020), distributed at EUR 2 million per year.


Flanders has worked closely with FAO for many years to achieve common objectives, amongst others, nutrition, agricultural development and food security. Flanders has been an important advocate of un-earmarked funding. Joining FMM in 2011, Flanders contributed USD 1.3 million for the period 2011–2013. In 2019, Flanders joined the new phase of the FMM and has committed EUR 3 million over a three-year period (2019–2021).


Italy's development policy framework connects with FAO’s mandate to ensure global nutrition, by highlighting sustainable agriculture and food security, with a focus on rural areas and women’s empowerment. Through provision of financial support and expertise, the Italian Government has been a crucial partner in the fight against hunger. Italy became member of the FMM in 2019, contributing USD 1 million in the same year and committed an additional EUR 1.450 million in 2020 to FMM's current phase (2018–2021), with focus on SDG monitoring, the Hand in Hand Initiative and Innovation.


France, a longstanding, active and generous partner, has been working with FAO in support of shared food security and agricultural development goals. Joining FMM in December 2019, France committed EUR 1 million to support the mechanism inspired by the FMM's focus in the areas of women's empowerment, climate change and small island development states (SIDS). 


Switzerland's broad collaboration with FAO, spanning sustainable food systems, governance of tenure, rural livelihoods, animal health and water management, demonstrates the extent and depth of the nation's commitment to achieving the SDGs. The Government of Switzerland is particularly interested in supporting the areas of generational gaps, youth employment and child labour. In 2016, the Government of Switzerland joined FMM with a contribution of about USD 250 000. Switzerland renewed its commitment to the current phase of the FMM (2018-2021) with a cumulative contribution of CHF 480 000 (approximately USD 490 000).


Related Links

FMM Resource Partner Consultation 2019

FMM Video: Resource Partner Voices

FMM Annual Report 2018



17. Partnership for the goals

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