General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM

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Fisheries Restricted Areas (FRAs)

A Fisheries Restricted Area (FRA) is a geographically defined area in which some specific fishing activities are temporarily or permanently banned or restricted in order to improve the exploitation patterns and conservation of specific stocks as well as of habitats and deep-sea ecosystems. 

In the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, 1,760,000 km2 of sea habitats are protected by nine FRAs established by the GFCM.  This includes one large deep-water FRA (1,730,000 km2) in which the use of towed dredges and trawl nets in all waters deeper than 1000 metres is banned to protect deep-sea benthic habitats.  

The Jabuka/Pomo Pit FRA in the Adriatic Sea is an important example of how both fisheries and the environment can benefit from effective management measures. To dive deeper into the benefits of FRAs, learn more in The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries (SoMFi) 2020


Download the form to propose new FRAs to GFCM


Find out more about the protection of VMEs at the global level from the FAO VME Database