Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change

The Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change (EPIC) programme supports countries in evidence-based policy making through sound economic and policy analysis to reform policies, institutions and investments on climate change, in connection with agricultural development and food security.  

The programme aims to strengthen sustainable agricultural systems through better policies and sound analysis of the costs, tradeoffs, adoption barriers and benefits, as well as the impacts of climate change on agriculture.


The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) is an appraisal system developed by FAO providing ex-ante estimates of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects, programmes and policies on the carbon-balance.

Latest news

News - 07.08.2020

The EX-ACT team recently completed delivering a series of ten interactive online trainings to strengthen the Uganda Development Bank’s (UDB) knowledge of agriculture’s environmental impact, as well as the bank’s capacity to assess the greenhouse gas emissions and carbon balance of loan applications. The online workshop was part of the [...]

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Policy briefs

Food aid supports climate-adaptive investments by farmers in sub-Saharan Africa

This brief explores the evidence on the relationships between food aid transfers and investments in climate adaptive agriculture using data from Ethiopia, Malawi and United Republic of Tanzania. Four climate adaptive agricultural investments are considered, namely: adoption of cereal-legume intercropping, [...]

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