Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme

Emission estimates in the AFOLU sector

Through the generation and dissemination of GHG data, the MICCA program continues to enrich the general body of knowledge on key GHG sources in the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector, and enables a more comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that cause emissions. MICCA also provided the data for the AFOLU sector for the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. 

Through its work, the MICCA team helps to identify emission hotspots in the AFOLU sector. It also recognizes economically viable and sustainable practices and methods to mitigate climate change, while supporting adaptation to climate change by increasing the resilience of agricultural systems.

Several tools developed with partners help countries to estimate emissions and integrate climate change mitigation into agricultural, forestry and land management policies and practices. These tools also provide guidance on investment in improved technologies and agricultural practices.

In 2009, a Joint IPCC-FAO-IFAD Expert Meeting on FAO data for AFOLU/LULUCF identified data gaps and possible solutions, aimed at improving the use of FAO datasets for the AFOLU component of the National GHG Inventory “Datasets for use in the IPCC Guidelines - FAO data and how it can be used in the IPCC Agriculture and Land Use Guidelines.” 

In response to recommendations that emerged from the 2009 Expert meeting, FAO launched the FAOSTAT Emissions database, containing emission estimates for the AFOLU sector, in 2012. This data now supports member countries in better identifying their mitigation options. 

In order to support Member Countries in assessing their emissions for the AFOLU sector, FAO developed Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture: A Manual to Address Data Requirements for Developing Countries. This manual offers step-by-step guidance on how to estimate GHG emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land use, following the Tier 1 approach of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. The manual was produced in collaboration with the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics, a global effort to empower developing countries to produce better agricultural and rural statistics for effective policy making and improving lives.