From 2000 – 2010, the Agriculture, Forestry and Other land use sector (AFOLU) was responsible for just under a quarter of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This was mainly from deforestation and emissions from livestock, soil and nutrient management, and made the sector the second highest GHG emitter after the energy sector (Chapter 11, IPCC Working Group III Contribution to AR5).
If the global food supply is to keep pace with population growth and dietary changes, agricultural productivity must increase. Changes in agricultural practices can help the world not only to meet its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions but also to contribute to food security.
Integrated agricultural production systems that use efficient climate-smart agricultural practices emit fewer GHGs and can create significant carbon sinks, enhancing productivity and resilience in the face of climate change. Such systems are also better able to respond to other global environmental challenges, including land degradation and biodiversity loss.
Since 2010 the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme has contributed to making agriculture more climate-smart through the generation of evidence-based knowledge and tools that recognize the synergy between mitigation and adaption actions. These aim to support better decision-making within policy, planning, and investment processes. This in turn has an influence on securing food production and the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources at field level.