FAO in Nigeria


The CPF for Nigeria describes FAO’s medium term assistance priorities and results, derived from nationally defined priorities and objectives, to be achieved over the five-year period of the country’s programming cycle (2013-2017). In order to ensure its national ownership, the CPF has been prepared in close collaboration with key Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and major development partners. The CPF describes the five broad priority areas and outcomes for FAO assistance in the country.

Priority Area A: Support for National Food and Nutrition Security

For 13 years, FAO has been involved in the implementation of the National Programme for Food Security, with appreciable results and impact on the livelihoods of rural farming communities across the country. FAO will continue, in collaboration with the key Government stakeholders (Agriculture, Women, Health, Education, Water) and development partners (UNICEF, WHO, and WFP) to support the Government in its efforts to build its capacity to act on food and nutrition security (FNS), particularly to implement gender-responsive and evidenced-based policies, strategies, and programmes addressing insecurity and malnutrition.

Particular attention will be given to the integration of food-based approaches and nutrition-sensitive agriculture at the community level, food-based dietary diversification, and production and consumption of safe and nutritious food. The above contribution will be measured through the achievement of the following outcomes and related outputs.

Outcome A1: Government institutions and their partners implement evidenced-based gender-responsive policies, strategies and programmes addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.

Output A1.1: Strengthened capacity of relevant MDAs to develop and implement gender responsive cross-sectoral policies and investment programmes for food and nutrition security.

Output A1.2: Increased public awareness and capacity of state and non-state actors in food safety and quality systems.

Priority Area B: Support for Agricultural Policy and Regulatory Frameworks

The ability of the sector to deliver on Government expectations - contribution to increasing food and nutrition security as well as serving as a vehicle for rural employment, depends on robust evidence-based policies, capable of repositioning the sector to contribute effectively to economic development, as well as on prerequisite regulatory frameworks. In collaboration with other development partners (USA, Spain, Sweden, World Bank), FAO is already contributing to Government efforts in building this capacity, addressing evidence based policy decision-making as well as regulatory frameworks (transboundary plant and animal diseases), and will continue to do so within the new programming cycle, with the aim of achieving the following outcome and related outputs.

Outcome B1: Inclusive and evidence-based development of policies and strategies for agriculture and natural resources strengthened and institutionalized at federal level and in selected states.

Output B1.1: Enhanced skills of core teams of policy analysts at federal and state levels in using the improved tools and methodologies, to carry out Economic, Social and Environmental Policy Impact Analysis and setting up development goals under various macro-economic development scenarios.

Output B1.2: Provision of technical advisory services for policy development, monitoring and evaluation, focusing on (i) policy advice in the development or review of existing policies reflecting new emerging issues (e.g. Agricultural sector policy, Mechanization, Irrigation policy) and preparation of relevant implementation strategies where required; (ii) Promotion and application of existing or new tools (e.g. MAFAP, FAPDA) for policy monitoring, evaluation and preparation of the related policy briefs. Inclusiveness of all relevant actors (MDAs, CSOs and private sectors) in the policy dialogue will be particularly emphasized.

Output B1.3: Strengthened capacity of national and state level institutions providing agricultural statistics, routine data and agricultural information, through (i) promotion of pooling, sharing of data and statistics and information dissemination for evidence-based policy making, and strategy and programme implementation; (ii) building capacity in the use of updated protocols and tools; (iii) provision of technical advice in the preparation of the action plan for strengthening agricultural statistics, routing data systems and information dissemination, as well as in design of the agricultural related surveys carried out by federal and state MDAs, using updated protocols and tools.

Outcome B2: Improved regulatory framework for agriculture and management of natural resources.

Output B2.1: Agricultural biosecurity systems updated and strengthened, and aligned with international norms and standards through the provision of technical support in (i) the development and use of a harmonized systems for monitoring and reporting system for Transboundary Animal Diseases and emergencies across relevant states; (i) review of the relevant inspection protocols and standards (e.g. meat); (iii) awareness raising and building capacity for the adoption of all relevant international phytosanitary standards and provisions for imports and exports.

Output B2.2: Regulatory provisions and guidelines for establishment and management of grazing reserves and stock routes updated, through the provision of technical advice, in line with FAO voluntary guidelines on responsible governance of land tenure.

Priority Area C: Support the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) for Priority Value Chains, with Promotion of Decent Employment for Youth and Women

FAO has been leading other UN agencies in supporting GoN in her efforts to boost agriculture and food security through mobilization of resources and technical assistance in the implementation of programmes and projects across the country in support of the achievement of key ATA objectives. Complementary to the these efforts – mainly focusing on increasing agricultural production and productivity, and those of other development partners - FAO will continue to support GoN in addressing its other ATA objectives related to access to improved agricultural inputs (primarily seeds), reduction of post-harvest losses and improving access to markets.

In addressing the above, FAO will support the Government in creating an enabling environment for (i) farmers to access and adopt new or improved practices (Outcome 1); and (ii) increased access of key actors to markets, with the particular focus on youth and women engagement in value chains activities (Outcome 2). FAO will thus support the government in promotion of employment-intensive and socially equitable agricultural growth, fostering the rejuvenation of the agricultural sector and economic empowerment of rural women.

Outcome C1: By 2017, producers adopt practices that increase agricultural productivity and production in agricultural priority value chains (crops, livestock and fisheries) in targeted areas.

Output C1.1: Strengthened capacity of the institutions to provide technical support services (extension, irrigation, seeds) to relevant actors in the agriculture priority value chains, through (ii) promotion of policy dialogues and advocacy geared towards addressing issues and challenges inhibiting agriculture production and farm productivity in the selected priority agricultural commodities (crops, livestock and fisheries/aquaculture); (ii) provision of technical advice in reforming the extension service, including preparation of a new strategy for revamping the agricultural extension service, aimed at increasing access of farmers to extension agents; (iii) promoting and strengthening the research-extension-farmer linkages and gender sensitive technologies; (iv)building the capacity to use information and communication technology for promoting technology transfer, rural education and rolling out Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) for selected commodities, promotion of use of various participatory models for training of farmer groups/associations such as Farmer Field Schools, etc.; (v) building the capacity of irrigation service providers (e.g. strategy, design of irrigation schemes); (vi) providing technical advice and support in building a functional quality control system within the National Agricultural Seed Council, including the review of seed law, protocols and procedures and its harmonization with ECOWAS and international standards.

Output C1.2: Strengthened capacity of Government and key stakeholders for the development and implementation of a consolidated M&E system for the priority value chains under ATA, in support of evidence-based decision making, and the type of support service needed.

Outcome C2: Conducive enabling environment for increased market access, and generation of youth and women employment in priority agricultural value chains improved.

Output C2.1: Enhanced capacity of key actors (MDAs, private sector, women and youth groups) for better post-harvest handling and improved market access in priority commodities value chains, through (i) building the technical capacity of relevant actors (e.g. commodity associations) in good post-harvest handling practices and storage for the selected priority value chains; (ii) strengthening the capacity of relevant organizations (e.g. extension providers) to provide appropriate post-harvest services to their clients; (iii) awareness-raising activities and provision of technical support to Government in strengthening market information services (e.g. Agricultural Market Information System – broadening its scope, geographical coverage and access to users); (iv) promotion of improved working conditions in rural areas, particularly in the informal agricultural sector and related occupations, in partnership with main relevant stakeholders such as the International Labour Organisation (ILO). This would not only contribute to increased agricultural productivity but also facilitate access to international markets.

Output C2.2: Increased capacity of Government to implement the Youth Employment in Agriculture Programme (YEAP). FAO will continue to provide support to the Government in the design and implementation of YEAP, focusing on the creation of an enabling policy environment – policy advice mainstreaming decent employment in agricultural policies and programmes for youth and women; an enabling institutional environment, through the promotion of inter-institutional collaboration and partnership, promotion of youth-friendly information and communication technologies for knowledge management and dissemination; and facilitation of training initiatives in agricultural, business and life skills training programmes for young agricultural entrepreneurs for the selected priority value chains.

Priority Area D: Support for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

FAO, complementing the efforts of other agencies (World Bank, JICA, IFAD, USAID), will assist GoN to build its institutional capacity for managing land and water resources for enhanced agricultural productivity, with the focus on (i) building MDAs and community’s capacities in the sustainable integrated management aspects of land and water, (ii) and supporting the creation of a policy and regulatory enabling environment for effective programme implementation in the areas of land, water, forest resources and climate adaptation, all in line with and benefiting from the international best practices.

The activities will also contribute to the promotion of the Nigerian private One Health initiative, recognizing that animal health, human health, and ecosystem health are inextricably linked, and thus seeking to promote, improve, and defend the health and well-being of all species by enhancing cooperation and collaboration between physicians, veterinarians, other scientific health and environmental professionals. FAO already has regional and sub-regional programmes from which expertise and experience can be brought to benefit Nigeria.

Outcome D1: Strengthened capacity of the relevant stakeholders to sustainably manage natural resources (land, water and forest) and climate change.

Output D1.1 Public awareness and capacity of relevant MDAs and communities in selected states enhanced for sustainable integrated management and use of land and water resources. FAO will provide support in (i) awareness raising and promotion of responsible and sustainable management of land and water resources, and sharing of best practices; (ii) identification, testing and adoption of the new tools and methodologies for assessing land use potential, and support in updating land use classification and land use maps.

Output D1.2 Capacity of relevant MDAs strengthened in updating of policies and regulatory frameworks and in programme implementation for land, water, forest resources and climate change, through (i) promotion of a policy dialogue among key stakeholders, and provision of advice in review of existing policies or formulation of new ones; (ii) promotion of gender responsive community based forest management practices and technical advice in the implementation of the programmes and their rollout; (iii) technical advice and capacity development activities for the introduction of the Measurement Reporting Verification system in the context of the REDD+ initiative in the selected states.

Priority Area E. Support for Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Management

Nigeria is prone to natural disasters such as flood, drought, pests and diseases of crop and livestock, desertification and soil erosion. These disasters are aggravated directly or indirectly by weather variability and climate change phenomenon, which require humanitarian emergency and rehabilitation measures. During the next five years, and in concert with other development initiatives, FAO will work with the Government and other development partners in mainstreaming the food and agricultural component of the overall National Disaster Response system, contributing to the development of an integrated Disaster Management and Response System and building the capacity of key actors in its systematic application (Outcome E1). This will contribute to reducing potential threats and help in building internal resilience of the community against impacts of climate change and the attendant disasters.

Outcome E1: Integrated Disaster Management and Response Systems systematically applied by 2017

Output E1.1: Institutional capacity of state and local governments strengthened for gender-sensitive disaster risk reduction, emergency preparedness and response in the agriculture sector. In this context, FAO will provide support in creation of an enabling policy environment for disaster risk reduction and management, along with supporting the preparation of related strategies (National strategy for early warning and emergency response for agriculture), as well as in the preparation of the disaster preparedness and contingency plans in selected states, while ensuring that the multi-sectoral plans, policies and strategies are based on sex-disaggregated data and gender analysis.

FAO will also support Government efforts to strengthen institutional capacity for emergency preparedness, response and rehabilitation to address the specific needs of agriculture-based populations, particularly smallholders, pastoralists, fishers, forest users, landless farm workers and their dependents including food insecure and nutritionally vulnerable groups in disaster-prone regions of the country. FAO will also support the Government in the implementation of the Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel, an area in which FAO is already active in other countries.

Output E1.2: Strengthened state and national capacities to regularly monitor food and nutrition security as part of the early warning system.

FAO will provide support in setting up of a Food Security Information System on a pilot basis in selected states, to be further rolled out around the country, as well as in building the capacity of relevant MDAs to operate it. FAO will also build the capacity of relevant MDAs in all states for carrying out systematic, rapid vulnerability assessments for food and nutrition security to provide input for evidence-based, gender responsive policy decisions and contingency planning. Particular attention will be given to ensuring that gender considerations are adequately addressed, including gender expertise in the risk assessment teams, and to ensuring that women’s representatives from disaster-affected communities are consulted; FAO will also contribute to hazard mapping and vulnerability assessment standards.