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Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2010, Afghanistan’s gross domestic product (GDP) was US$17 243 million of which the agricultural sector accounted for 30 percent.
In 2011, total economically active population was 10.5 million, or 32 percent of total population. Economically active agricultural population is an estimated 6.2 million, or 59 percent of total economically active population, of which 32 percent are female.
Water is the lifeblood of the people of Afghanistan, not just for living but also for the economy, which has traditionally been dominated by agriculture. Decades of war have destroyed much of Afghanistan’s irrigation and other water supply systems, which are vital for the agricultural economy. In recent years the situation has been complicated by the drought. As an arid and semi-arid country, irrigation is essential for food production and there can be no food security without water security. The major staple crop is wheat, of which 80 percent is sown as a winter crop.