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Groundwater is the basis of municipal water supply. Total water withdrawal was estimated at 582 million m3 in 2004, of which 550 million m3 for agriculture (94.5 percent), 31 million m3 for municipal consumption (5.3 percent) and 1 million m3 for industry (0.2 percent) (Table 4 and Figure 1).
The quantity of municipal wastewater can be estimated at 50 000 m│/day. Treatment of municipal and industrial effluents has not yet begun.