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Economy, agriculture and food security

In 2014, the gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 25 905 million and agriculture accounted for 4 percent of GDP, while in 1994 it accounted for 10 percent.

Estonia is a member of the European Union (EU) since 2004. The country has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region (CIA, 2015).

The most important arable crops are temporary grasslands, cereals, oilseeds, potatoes and vegetables. The main permanent crops are berries, fruits and medicinal and aromatic plants. Milk cattle, pigs and poultry are the main farm animals. Plant products are mostly for internal use, whereas a considerable amount of meat is imported. Some dairy products and some specific products as berries, mushrooms, ecologic products are for export (Estonica, 2016; IFOAM EU, 2015).


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       Quote as: FAO. 2016. AQUASTAT website. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Website accessed on [yyyy/mm/dd].
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