Espa˝ol || Franšais
      AQUASTAT Home        About AQUASTAT     FAO Water    Statistics at FAO

Featured products

Main Database
Dams
Global map of irrigation areas
Irrigation water use
Water and gender
Climate info tool
Institutions

Geographical entities

Countries, regions, river basins

Themes

Water resources
Water uses
Irrigation and drainage
Wastewater
Institutional framework
Other themes

Information type

Datasets
Publications
Summary tables
Maps and spatial data
Glossary

Info for the media

Did you know...?
Visualizations and infographics
SDG Target 6.4
KWIP
UNW Briefs
     

Read the full profile

Ethiopia

Water use

Agriculture is by far the main water-withdrawing sector. Based on the total irrigated area, cropping pattern and calendar, annual agricultural water withdrawal was estimated to be in the order of 5 200 million m│ in 2002, while municipal and industrial water withdrawals were estimated to be about 330 and 20 million m│ respectively (Table 4 and Figure 1). Agricultural water withdrawal in 2016 is estimated at around 9 000 million m│. This figure, however, seems to be a low estimate considering both the large increase in irrigated areas and the changing pattern in irrigated crops. The huge livestock population withdraws an estimated 687 million m│ in 2010 (EU, 2011). Industrial demand is estimated at 51 million m│ level and municipal water withdrawal at 810 million m│ in 2005.

Groundwater is mostly used for drinking supply. It represents about 70 percent of rural water supply and a major role in several of the largest cities (Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Mekelle, Harar) and a number of medium sized towns. Groundwater use in irrigation is only at pilot scale for now, but plans to develop it are studied and shallow groundwater wells are constructed by farmers in some areas (MoWR, 2011).




     
   
   
             

^ go to top ^

       Quote as: FAO. 2016. AQUASTAT website. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Website accessed on [yyyy/mm/dd].
      © FAO, 2016   |   Questions or feedback?    [email protected]
       Your access to AQUASTAT and use of any of its information or data is subject to the terms and conditions laid down in the User Agreement.