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Irrigation and drainage
Evolution of irrigation development
In 1998, the area equipped for irrigation was equal to 3 000 ha. In 2003, it was estimated at 4 000 ha, of which 90 percent was irrigated by surface water and the remaining 10 percent by groundwater (Table 4 and Figure 2). Of this area of 4 000 ha, around 3 000 ha or 75 percent is dedicated to rice. The remaining 1 000 ha or 25 percent are upland crops, the majority of which are irrigated by sprinkler systems using both surface water and groundwater resources (Table 4 and Figure 3). It is estimated that all the area equipped for irrigation is actually irrigated.
Role of irrigation in agricultural production, economy and society
According to the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), there is no need to increase the existing rice production areas in Fiji for the country to become self-sufficient in rice. It can be reached through the rehabilitation of existing irrigation systems (MoA, 2014).
In 2014, MoA initiated a project in the Nadroga and Navosa province that should boost potato production in Fiji. The project covers about 64 ha (Chaudhary, 2015).