Espa˝ol || Franšais
      AQUASTAT Home        About AQUASTAT     FAO Water    Statistics at FAO

Featured products

Main Database
Dams
Global map of irrigation areas
Irrigation water use
Water and gender
Climate info tool
Institutions

Geographical entities

Countries, regions, river basins

Themes

Water resources
Water uses
Irrigation and drainage
Wastewater
Institutional framework
Other themes

Information type

Datasets
Publications
Summary tables
Maps and spatial data
Glossary

Info for the media

Did you know...?
Visualizations and infographics
SDG Target 6.4
KWIP
UNW Briefs
     

Read the full profile

Gambia

Water management, policies and legislation related to water use in agriculture

Institutions

Policy guidance and technical support for agriculture are provided by the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) through a Central Management Unit and four main departments. The Department of Agricultural Services (DAS) is responsible for Agricultural Extension Services, the Soil and Water Management Unit (SWMU), the Crop Protection Service, the Food and Nutrition Unit, and the Agricultural Communications Unit. The SWMU is in charge of developing policies for soil and water management, land capability zoning, upland conservation and development of small-scale water control schemes in lowland rice ecologies. It is divided into five sections, one of which - the Engineering Section - is involved in irrigation development.

The Department of Water Resources (DWR) of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNR&E) liaises closely with the SWMU.

Water management

Most farmers involved in irrigation/water management belong to Water User Groups. In the IFAD-led Small-Scale Water Control Project SSWCP, a three-tier organizational structure was established:

  • Water Users Groups (WUGs) are the smallest units, which include farmers working adjacent plots in one swamp;
  • Swamp Development Committees (SDCs), the next level up, oversee water management issues at swamp level;
  • Local Management Committees (LMCs) are the highest level, including representatives of all villages involved in one scheme (which can include several swamps) to resolve cross cutting and policy issues.

However, none of these groups was working properly by the end of IFAD support in 1996 and both project staff and beneficiaries were unclear about responsibilities and work modalities.

     
   
   
             

^ go to top ^

       Quote as: FAO. 2016. AQUASTAT website. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Website accessed on [yyyy/mm/dd].
      © FAO, 2016   |   Questions or feedback?    [email protected]
       Your access to AQUASTAT and use of any of its information or data is subject to the terms and conditions laid down in the User Agreement.