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It is estimated that in 2010 total water withdrawal was 761 km3 of which 91 percent, or 688 km3, are for irrigation. About 56 km3 are for municipal and 17 km3 for industrial use(Table 4 and Figure 1).
In 2010, primary surface water withdrawal accounted for 396 km3, primary groundwater withdrawal accounted for 251 km3, and reused agricultural drainage water accounted for 113 km3. In 1996, some 550 000 m3 of seawater were desalinated (Figure 2).
In 1990, total water withdrawal was an estimated 500 km3, of which 92 percent was for irrigation. Primary surface water withdrawal was 362 km3, while the amount coming from primary groundwater was an estimated 190 km3.