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In 2000, total water withdrawal was estimated at 66 km3, of which 79 percent for agricultural purposes, 6.5 percent for domestic supplies and 14.5 percent for industrial use (ESCWA, 2005) (Table 3, Figure 1 and Figure 2).
Hydroelectric power generation is about 17 percent of current electrical energy production in Iraq. Existing power plants have been neglected for over a decade and a number of new projects were suspended in the aftermath of the Gulf War. The volume and timing of water entering Iraq from neighbouring countries is a significant factor in hydropower production (UNDG, 2005).