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Republic of Korea
Environment and health
The Ministry of Agriculture has been implementing an environmentally-friendly agriculture promotion plan in three stages over the 15 year-period 1996-2010, five years for each stage, in accordance with the policy for environmentally-friendly agriculture. The main purposes are: (i) to minimize pollutants coming from chemical fertilizers, agricultural chemicals, livestock and poultry waste; (ii) to maintain and improve agricultural resources including soil and water purity; (iii) to support farm household practicing environmentally-friendly agriculture to distribute products for sale (MAF, 2005).
Abnormal weather, in particular, causes direct damage to crops and yields. Being a peninsular surrounded by the sea, the Republic of Korea suffers from huge damage every year caused by typhoons. Typhoons usually hit the country from August to September when most crops, including rice, fruit and vegetables, fully ripen resulting in tremendous loss.