Read the full profile
Economy, agriculture and food security
The total population economically active in agriculture in 2009 was around 4.0 million, amounting to 43 percent of the total economically active population. Around 37 percent of the population economically active in agriculture are women. In 2009, the gross domestic product (GDP) was US$41 979 million of which agriculture accounted for 13 percent.
The total rice harvested area in 2008 was 1 032 859 ha of which the main Maha rice, normally harvested until March, accounted for 568 352 ha. The secondary Yala rice, which is planted from April and normally represents one-third of total production, accounted for 464 507 ha. In 1988, the total rice harvested area was 815 560 ha, of which 498 554 ha was Maha rice and 317 006 ha Yala rice. Total rice production was an estimated 3 876 400 tonnes in 2008, giving an average yield of 4 184 kg/ha (Department of Census and Statistics, 2010).