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In 1995, total water withdrawal was 418 million m│, while in 2002 it had gone down to 256 million m│, mainly due to a reduction in industrial water withdrawal, probably related to a reduction in industrial activities.
In 2013, total water withdrawal was estimated at 248 million m│ of which 159 million m│ (64 percent) for municipalities, 52 million m│ (21 percent) for industry and 36 million m│ (15 percent) for agriculture of which 33 million m│ corresponds to aquaculture (Eurostat, 2016) (Figure 1 and Table 4).
In 2013, it was estimated that around 60 percent of total water withdrawal is withdrawn from groundwater, 35 percent from surface water and 5 percent comes from direct use of treated municipal wastewater (Eurostat, 2016) (Figure 2).
Groundwater is widely used for individual water supply in farms and small settlements throughout Latvia. For this purpose, mainly shallow wells and less often deep boreholes, are used (ECMC, 2000).