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Prospects for agricultural water management
One of the five main aims of the second Action Plan for the Reduction of Poverty (PARPA-II) 2006-2010, and of its continuation the PARP 2011-2014, was to promote the construction and rehabilitation of agricultural infrastructure, especially irrigation schemes, as well as to improve community access to natural resources in an equitable manner for sustainable use and management (WB, 2009).
The 2013 National Agriculture Sector Investment Plan (PNISA)'s strategy is to develop infrastructure for irrigation, including development of wetlands for agricultural development, as well as water storage for livestock and aquaculture. Its objectives are to:
- expand the irrigated areas by at least 50 000 ha by 2020, of which at least 20 000 ha through private investments
- add a capacity of 30 million m│/year of water storage through rehabilitation and construction of small dams
- raise the level of utilization of irrigation schemes from just over half at present to 80 percent
- develop the professional capacity of the public irrigation services both at central and local level, in particular within the INIR at national level
In order to harmonize the interventions a Consultative Forum on Irrigation will be established, headed by the Minister of Agriculture, on which the key stakeholders of the public and private sectors will be represented (MINAG, 2014).