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In 2009 total water withdrawal was an estimated 81 555 million m3, of which 82 percent was for agricultural purposes (including 754 million m3 of aquaculture), 8 percent for municipalities and 10 percent for industry (Table 3 and Figure 1). Other non-consumptive use of water includes hydropower (110 079 million m3) and recreation (244 million m3). In 1995, total water withdrawal was an estimated 55 422 million m3, of which 88 percent for agriculture, 8 percent for municipal purposes and 4 percent for industry. In 2009, freshwater was the only source of water withdrawal, with 96 percent being surface water and 4 percent groundwater (Figure 2).
Private wells are extensively used in rural areas for domestic purposes. Municipal waterworks wells are drilled by the Local Water Utilities Administration for domestic purposes and deep wells have been drilled by the NIA for irrigation.