Read the full profile
Total water withdrawal in the year 2000 was estimated to be 379.9 million m3 (Table 3). Irrigation is the major water user, with a withdrawal of 353.6 million m3 in 2000, followed by the municipal sector with 19.6 million m3 and industry with 6.7 million m3 (Figure 1). About 80 percent of the rural population obtains its water from surface sources, including many streams and ponds. Groundwater is used for a limited number of rural wells and recent installations for large cities. A good number of provincial towns enjoy pipe- borne treated water.