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Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2012, Suriname’s GDP was $US4 738 million of which the agriculture sector accounted for 10 percent. Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood in the rural areas.
In 2013, the total economically active population is 203 000, or 38 percent of the total population. The economically active population in agriculture is estimated at 33 000 (16 percent of the total active population), of which 24 percent is female.
Suriname has many natural resources, fertile land and abundant freshwater resources that provide a solid base for the economical development of the country (USACE, 2001).
The main economic activities are mining (bauxite and gold), agriculture, oil industry and fisheries, all concentrated along the coast. Within the agricultural sector, rice is the most important covering about 55 000 ha, followed by sugarcane on about 3 000 ha and bananas on about 2 000 ha. During the 1980s, the country experienced political and economic problems as a result of the decrease on prices of bauxite and aluminium and the suspension of development aid from The Netherlands. In 1995, Suriname was admitted to CARICOM but to participate in the market it must produce competitive goods (USACE, 2001).