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International water issues
In general, Thailand’s international water issues stem from the country’s thirst for water, hydroelectricity, and utilization of coastal areas. The main issues include:
- The Mekong river Treaty (1995): This is a treaty between Thailand, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Vietnam and Cambodia. The treaty specifies the method of cooperation and conflict resolution among the countries involved, but does not propose any sharing of water between the riparian countries.
- Myanmar: There are a number dams that are planned or under-construction both inside Myanmar and on the border that international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) question because of their possible environmental impact. No agreements have been signed on the Salween river.
- Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Issues are similar to Myanmar but include existing dams that supply electricity to Thailand.
- Cambodia: Issues are similar to Myanmar but include natural resources in coastal areas.