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Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2006 the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was US$402.7 billion, and agriculture contributed almost 10 percent of GDP. The economically active population is about 35.2 million (2005) of which 61 percent is male and 39 percent female. In agriculture, 15 million inhabitants are economically active of which 35 percent is male and 65 percent female. The unemployment rate in 2005 was around 9 percent. In 2002 an estimated 1 515 adults in Turkey were infected by HIV, but data on its impact on the labour force are not available.
Turkey is a major agricultural producer. Wheat is the staple food crop with a share of 67 percent in total grain production. The principal agricultural exports are field crops, industrial crops, fruit, vegetables, and small livestock. The share of crop production in total agricultural production is 73.5 percent.