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International water issues
After the break-up of the former Soviet Union many transboundary water resources problems appeared. Since the early 1990s, to a greater or lesser extent all countries in Eastern Europe, have taken measures to establish transboundary cooperation in use and protection of water resources. Ukraine has joined the following agreements or projects (ECE, 2009, Gabor, 2008, Nalecz, 2010):
- Agreement between Ukraine and the Russian Federation Concerning Joint Use and Protection of Transboundary Waters (1992)
- Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova on Joint Use and Protection of Transboundary Waters (1994)
- Agreement between Ukraine and Belarus on the Cooperation on Environmental Protection (1994)
- Agreement between the Ukraine and the Slovakia on Questions of Water Management in Frontier Waters (1994)
- Convention on Cooperation for the Protection and Sustainable Use of the Danube River (1994). The Parties to the Convention are Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Montenegro, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine and the European Community. The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) was established in accordance with the Convention.
- Agreement between Ukraine and Poland on Cooperation in the Field of Water Management in Frontier Waters (1996)
- Agreement between Ukraine and Hungary on the Questions of Water Management in Frontier Waters (1997)
- Agreement between Ukraine and Romania on Cooperation in the Field of Transboundary Water Management (1997)
- The Bug river pilot project on monitoring and assessment of transboundary rivers, established under the UNECE Water Convention (1998-2003)
- Agreement between Ukraine and Belarus on Joint Use and Protection of Transboundary Waters (2001)
- The Science for Peace and Security NATO pilot study project “Sustainable Use and Protection of Groundwater Resources – Transboundary Water Management”, launched in 2006. It focuses on development of international cooperation on implementation of water quality monitoring and assessment. It is also a scientific platform for experts from Belarus, Poland and Ukraine to exchange ideas about water management, with special emphasis on groundwater. The Bug river basin is one of the main interests of the project
- Creation of the Polish-Belarusian-Ukrainian Water Policy in the Bug basin – the Neighbourhood Programme Poland-Belarus-Ukraine INTERREG III A – TACIS CBC (2007-2009).
- The project “Transboundary cooperation and sustainable management in the Dniester river basin: Phase III – Implementation of the Action Programme” (Dniester-III) started in 2009 with the support of the Swedish and Finnish governments. It’s implemented by OSCE, UNECE and UNEP in close collaboration with authorities and NGOs from the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine.