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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Water management, policies and legislation related to water use in agriculture
The Central Water and Sewerage Authority (CWSA), statutory body under the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment, is empowered by Act No. 17 of 1991 to “investigate the water resources of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and advise the Minister relating to the improvement, preservation, conservation, utilization and apportionment of those resources”. The act also indicates that the Authority will control the use of the resource for all other applications, including for irrigation, agriculture, industrial and commercial purposes. The CWSA is responsible for the production and distribution of piped water on Saint Vincent and presently supplies 95 percent of its population (CEHI, 2006).
Apart from the CWSA, the other institutions that play a role in water resources management are the National Irrigation Authority (NIA), the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Forestry Fisheries and Rural Transformation and the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment (MoHWE) (CEHI, 2001).
Presently the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Forestry, Fisheries and Rural Transformation is working with consultants to develop a rehabilitation project for the irrigation systems that got damaged by the troughs.
Policies and legislation
The monitoring, measurement or protection of water resources is mentioned or implied by a number of Acts of the Assembly of the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines:
- The Central Water and Sewerage Authority, Act 1991: includes in the functions of CWSA to investigate the water resources of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and to advise and make recommendations to the Minister relating to the improvement, preservation, conservation, utilization, and apportionment of those resources.
- The National Irrigation Authority Act, 2004: mandates NIA, in collaboration with the CWSA, to investigate the water resources of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and advise the Minister on matters relating to improving or expanding existing irrigation schemes and creating new irrigation schemes.
- The Forest Resource Conservation Act, 1992: charges the Director of Forestry with the protection and preservation of water resources in forest reserves, cooperative forests, conservation areas and along streams and rivers in cooperation with the CWSA and Saint Vincent Electricity Services.
- The Public Health Act, 1977: defines the functions of the Public Health Department, which include “to promote the public health and the prevention, limitation and suppression of communicable or preventable diseases within Saint Vincent”.
- The Environmental Health Services Act, 1991: further emphasizes pollution control. It is the responsibility of the Minister to regulate, monitor and control the actual and likely contamination or pollution of the environment from any source.
- The National Parks Act, 2002: established the National Parks, Beaches and Rivers Authority. The Authority shall have power and control over all rivers, streams, springs, swamps, waterfalls, waterpools and beaches in the State.