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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Irrigation and drainage
Evolution of irrigation development
Irrigation potential in the country is estimated at 655 ha (Table 4). Irrigation systems were installed during the period 1998-2002 under the National Irrigation Programme with funding from the European Union. The systems were installed in selected areas between San Souci and Rabacca in the North Eastern section of Mainland Saint Vincent and was managed through the Irrigation unit in the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Forestry, Fisheries and Rural Transformation. There were two types of irrigation systems implemented, micro sprinklers and the drip (Figure 3). Water was piped directly from the Caratal, Colonaire, San Souci, Perseverance, Langley Park and Rabacca rivers. In 2003 the area equipped for irrigation was estimated at 478 ha. Unfortunately, during the troughs (meteorological event bringing clouds, showers and wind shifts) that took place in 2011 and in 2014 the irrigation systems were damaged substantial and they are no longer in use.
Role of irrigation in agricultural production, economy and society
In 2003, the main crops that were irrigated were bananas, plantain and dasheen.
The area equipped for irrigation having been abandoned, all crops grown locally are rainfed and account for 22 percent of the total food exports (Statistical Unit, 2014).
Women and irrigation
Women are mainly involved in field crop maintenance, production for home consumption, post-harvesting and marketing of cash crops. Women have comparatively little or no involvement in the policy development of agricultural organizations. Some women own their own land with their husband, but it is quite rare for an unmarried woman to own her own land (IWRAW, 2016).