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Prospects for agricultural water management
Demands on existing water sources will increase as Vanuatu’s population and tourism grow. These demands, when combined with the increasing risk of pollution and climate change, could be expected to limit the future availability of potable water and water for other uses. To ensure its availability, both government and non-government organizations must invest in water resources. This investment requires prior knowledge and database on the quantity and quality of water resources (MLNR, 2015).
Some measures to improve water management could be (SOPAC, 2007):
- To increase rainwater storage capacity through the use of water tanks and small dams that will benefit the community in times of water shortage.
- To implement methods to maintain and enhance the quality of surface water and groundwater resources.
- To improve water supply in urban areas
- To develop regulations and standards to manage sanitation
- To develop awareness and education material for water conservation
- To diversify cash crops and subsistence crops, encourage sustainable practices, and develop economic opportunities, that would contribute to environmental protection and resilience.