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Global Map of Irrigation Areas (GMIA)


Introduction Latest version (5.0) Irrigation by country Methodology
Map quality History Publications Map in Google Earth
Interactive map

Latest version (5.0)

The latest version of the "Global Map of Irrigation Areas" is version 5, which can be downloaded from this page. The documentation of the map includes an explanation of the methodology, information per country, an assessment of the map quality, and references to the background and history of the irrigation mapping project.

The map shows the amount of area equipped for irrigation around the year 2005 in percentage of the total area on a raster with a resolution of 5 minutes. Additional map layers show the percentage of the area equipped for irrigation that was actually used for irrigation and the percentages of the area equipped for irrigation that was irrigated with groundwater, surface water or non-conventional sources of water. An explanation of the different terminology to indicate areas under irrigation is given in this glossary. Please note that information for the additional layers on area actually irrigated or on the water source for irrigation was derived from statistical survey data (e.g. census reports). Therefore all grid cells belonging to the same statistical unit will have the same value. Consequently, the accuracy at pixel level will be very limited, depending on the size of the statistical unit.

Users are requested to refer to the map as follows: "Stefan Siebert, Verena Henrich, Karen Frenken and Jacob Burke (2013). Global Map of Irrigation Areas version 5. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn, Germany / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy".

The map layers are generated as a grids and distributed with the following characteristics:

Projection:Geographic
Number of columns:4320
Number of rows:2160
North Bounding Coordinate:90 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate:180 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate:-90 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate:-180 degrees
Cellsize:5 minutes,  0.083333 decimal degrees
NODATA values: Cells without irrigation are characterised by NODATA (-9), it does not mean that there was no data for these cells

For the GIS-users the map is distributed in two different formats: as zipped ASCII-grid that can be easily imported in most GIS-software that supports raster data or grids; and, to accommodate people who use GIS-software that doesn't support raster data or grids, as a zipped ESRI shape files. It should be noted, however, that the values in the ASCII-grids have a precision of 6 decimals while the values in the shape-file have a precision of 2 decimals. For model calculations it is therefore recommended to use the grid-version. As a service to those people who would need to know the absolute area equipped for irrigation, another ASCII-grid is available in which the area equipped for irrigation is expressed in hectares per cell. Non-GIS-users can download the map as PDF-file in two different resolutions.

Below are the links to maps, data and metadata available since 1 October 2013:

arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area equipped for irrigation expressed as percentage of total area (2.3 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area equipped for irrigation expressed in hectares per cell (2.3 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area actually irrigated expressed as percentage of area equipped for irrigation (0.92 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area irrigated with groundwater expressed as percentage of total area equipped for irrigation (1.1 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area irrigated with surface water expressed as percentage of total area equipped for irrigation (1.1 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 - area irrigated with water from non-conventional sources expressed as percentage of total area equipped for irrigation (0.25 MB - ASCII-grid, values have a precision of 6 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 (22.4 MB - ESRI shape files, values have a precision of 2 decimals)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 (3.1 MB - High resolution PDF-file)
arrow Download the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0 (0.90 MB - Low resolution PDF-file)
   
arrow Go to FAO GeoNetwork - For data and metadata of the Global Map of Irrigation Areas - version 5.0

More data and tables can be accessed through the GMIA-related publications.

Users of Google Earth can see the Global Map of Irrigation Areas as an overlay by opening this file in Google Earth.



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