Achieving Zero Hunger: The Critical Role of Investments in Social Protection and Agriculture, Second edition
This paper provides estimates of investment costs, both public and private, required to eliminate chronic dietary energy deficits, or to achieve zero hunger by 2030. This target is consistent with achieving both Sustainable Development Goal 2, to eliminate hunger by 2030, and Sustainable Development Goal 1, to eradicate poverty. The study adopts a reference baseline scenario, reflecting a “business as usual” situation, to estimate the additional investment requirements. In this scenario, around 650 million people will still suffer from hunger in 2030. We then estimate the investment requirements to eliminate hunger by 2030. Hunger is eliminated through a combination of social protection and targeted pro-poor investments. The analysis is complemented by looking at alternative ways to achieve such pro-poor growth.
State of Food Insecurity in the CARICOM Caribbean. Meeting the 2015 hunger targets: Taking stock of uneven progress
This report presents the overview of food and nutrition security from the standpoint of what FAO classifies as the four pillars of food security, in the context of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
Enhancing the potential of family farming for poverty reduction and food security through gender-sensitive rural advisory services
Rural advisory services (RAS) can play an important role in addressing gender inequalities. However, RAS programmes have often fallen short of expectations to design and implement relevant services to help rural women and men achieve food security and generate more income. This paper is based on an examination of a broad selection of existing literature on gender-sensitive RAS. It looks at gender-differentiated barriers in access to RAS and challenges of effectively targeting women family farmers when delivering these services.The paper provides recommendations on what can be done to improve the gender-sensitivity of RAS.
In view of the challenges and opportunities facing West African Agriculture, the African Development Bank (AfDB), with support from the Government of France, partnered with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to conduct a joint analytical study entitled Agricultural Growth in West Africa (AGWA): Market and Policy Drivers. The study contributes to a better understanding of the evolving context for growth in West Africa’s agrifood sector by: (1) examining the drivers and trends affecting the demand for and supply of agrifood products, (2) evaluating the performance of the Agricultural sector and related policies in the light of those trends and (3) distilling the main implications for future policy priorities.
Assessing climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture: Available methodologies and their relevance for the sector
This document provides an overview of vulnerability assessment concepts and methodologies. It sheds light on the different vulnerability assessment methodologies that have been developed, and on how these are conditioned by the disciplinary traditions from which they have emerged. It also analyses how these methodologies have been applied in the context of fisheries and aquaculture, with illustrative examples of their application. A series of practical steps to assess vulnerability in the fisheries and aquaculture sector is proposed to support climate change specialists working with fisheries and aquaculture dependent communities, as well as fisheries and aquaculture practitioners wishing to incorporate adaptation planning into the sector’s management and development.
Global supplies and a strong US dollar are keeping international food prices under downward pressure. The outlook for the coming season is unlikely to diverge much from the current situation, but currency movements and macroeconomic developments may have important implications for markets gain in 2015/16. Against this backdrop, the world food import bill is forecast to reach a five-year low in 2015.
Inclusive Business Models : Guidelines for improving linkages between producer groups and buyers of agricultural produce
Aimed at designers of agricultural value chain projects, rural development projects and enterprise development projects, together with grassroots NGOs that implement smallholder commercialization projects, these guidelines have been developed to facilitate the design and implementation of interventions that strengthen business models linking smallholders to value chains. An important contribution of this publication to existing literature on agricultural value chains is the guidance it provides on designing business model strategies that do not only link smallholders to markets, but that also encourage practitioners to consider the quality of market inclusion and its impact on poverty reduction.
In 2005-2010, results from the Women’s Dietary Diversity Project (WDDP) on the relationship between food group diversity and micronutrient adequacy of the diets of WRA did not lead to the development of a dichotomous indicator for use across all contexts. To address this need, FAO initiated in 2012 a follow-up project (WDDP II) aiming to a) identify additional datasets to analyse; b) explore if larger number of datasets strengthens evidence to inform the most appropriate food group composition to comprise the indicator; c) investigate whether a standard cut-off can be identified to formulate a valid dichotomous women’s dietary diversity indicator.