The United Nations General Assembly declared 2014 the International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) in order to raise the profile of family farming in the agricultural, environmental and social policies of national agenda. The publication includes the many important voices and experiences gathered throughout major points of the IYFF which demonstrate the steps we have taken together and where we need to go in the future to support family farmers.
Out of 570 million farms in the world, 500 million are family owned, making the well-being of farm families inextricably woven into the overall well-being of societies. This has important implications for food production and sustainability. With FAO as the implementing agency of the 2014 International Year of Family Farming (IYFF), an intense policy dialogue process has been undertaken throughout the year. Deep Roots reflects the momentum that IYFF has galvanized during the year. With so many experiences and insights captured in one place, this book offers an opportunity to reflect on family farming in its rich diversity while serving as a tool for considering how best to address the needs and demands of family farmers.
Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food-producing sectors in the world. Although it is an economic activity that has raised concerns in relation to the environment, social acceptability and food safety, aquaculture is also recognized as a sector that generates livelihoods and income in many countries and especially for the rural poor. Although aquaculture in the Central Asia and Caucasus Region does not make a significant contribution in terms of global aquaculture production and trade, it is being increasingly recognized in many countries in the region as an important economic activity and greater focus has now been placed on the development of the sector. The Regional Principles for Responsible Aquaculture in the Central Asia and Caucasus Region provide the basis for national planning related to aquaculture resources, and principles upon which all concerned stakeholders can collaborate for a more sustainable development of aquaculture in the Region.
The food security commitment and capacity profile (FSCCP) is a tool that was developed by FAO to assess and track performance of national authorities in their commitment and capacity to act on alleviating food insecurity and malnutrition. Development of the FSCCP methodology began in 2012 and involved field-testing and extensive collaboration with − and feedback from − various stakeholders within FAO and at country level. The methodology has since been adopted by FAO as an integral part of the Organization’s new corporate framework for monitoring results related to the Organizations’ Strategic Objective aimed at eradicating Hunger, Food Insecurity and Malnutrition.
Though many studies document the positive impacts of various climate-smart agricultural (CSA) practices on crop yields, adoption of such practices remains limited in many areas in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper, FAO presents key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management together with a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects incentives to adopt technologies broadly. It then applies this conceptual framework to each of the four CSA practices.
Young people account for a large percentage of the rural population, and are often unemployed or underemployed, despite the continuous need for labour in agriculture. This publication provides actual examples of how to re-engage youth in agriculture. It shows how tailor-made educational programmes can provide rural youth with the skills needed to farm and at the same time adopt environmentally friendly production methods. Many of the initiatives and approaches reported in this study originate from the youth themselves.
Science to support climate-smart agricultural development - Concepts and results from the MICCA pilot projects in East Africa
This document reports on the concepts driving the scientific activities of FAO’s Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Programme’s (MICCA) pilot projects in East Africa. The document provides the research results, briefly describes the analytical approaches used and concludes with key messages relevant to discussions on climate-smart agriculture.
This report is aimed primarily at those who make or influence national and institutional decisions and actions. It is the outcome of intensive consultations and discussions aimed at developing a common approach to FAO’s work on sustainability. That process was conducted in a climate of cross-sectoral collaboration that drew on the contributions of leading specialists in crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, and natural resources. It builds on the Organization’s long experience in developing sustainability concepts, approaches and tools, and offers a common vision of the agriculture sector and of the inter-sectoral synergies that aim to make agriculture more productive and sustainable.