The Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture systems (SAFA) Guidelines were developed to assess the impact of food and agriculture operations on the environment and on people. The guiding vision is that the four dimensions of sustainability: good governance, environmental integrity, economic resilience and social well-being are included in food and agriculture worldwide.
This paper presents a portfolio of potential food wastage mitigation measures, illustrating both the gross and the net economic, environmental and social benefits of each. Adopting appropriate measures against food wastage can offer correspondingly huge environmental benefits, leading to net gains in terms of reduced economic losses and external costs. The performance of measures aiming at avoiding food wastage tends to be higher than for reusing, recycling of food products and certainly higher than landfilling.
Economic analysis of supply and demand for food up to 2030 – Special focus on fish and fishery products
With the world’s population expected to reach 8.2 billion people by 2030, and some 842 million people undernourished in the period 2011–13, food supply will present a growing challenge in the next two decades. With increases in income along with demographic changes related to family size, population ageing and urbanization, and consumer trends such as concerns for healthy eating and sustainable production, there will be great shifts in demand and major changes in the composition of demand. This will have an impact on food supply, which will need to both increase and become more efficient if it is to grow within the constraints presented by the availability of natural resources and existing technology. This looks at the main drivers of demand and supply until 2030, with a particular focus on fisheries and aquaculture production. The analysis is supplemented with a number of new scenarios on fish production in the period until 2022.
The Youth and United Nations Global Alliance (YUNGA) is a partnership between United Nations agencies, civil society organizations and other groups working with children and young people. YUNGA aims to empower children and young people to play an important role in society. by creating engaging educational resources, activities and opportunities for participation in areas of key environmental and social concern from the local to the international level. The Youth Guide to Forests is part of YUNGA’s Learning and Action Series which seeks to raise awareness, educate and inspire young people to take action. The series includes other educational resources and initiatives such as the United Nations Challenge Badges. The Youth Guide to Forests was jointly developed by CBD and FAO, with contributions and support from many other institutions and individuals. This fact-filled Guide explores forests from the equator to the frozen poles, the depths of the rainforest to the mountain forests at high altitudes. It also demonstrates the many benefits that forests provide us with, discusses the negative impacts that humans unfortunately have on forests and explains how good management can help protect and conserve forests and forest biodiversity. Examples of youth-led initiatives are provided, and an easy-to-follow action plan aims to help YOU develop your own forest conservation activities and projects.
Diversification of crops and varieties is important for people’s food security since it reduces the risk of total production failures and contributes to strengthen resilience. Community seed banks will help to preserve seed of the most adapted varieties for a given region, either local varieties or newly developed varieties from breeding programs. The selection of the most suitable varieties for a region require time and trials with technical support having identified the best varieties, the community seed banks play a very important role in maintaining the availability of quality seed. Seed diversity is enhanced and additional income is generated when seeds are exchanged and sold to neighbouring communities.