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SOFA 2016

The State of Food and Agriculture 2016 (SOFA): Climate change, agriculture and food security

The 2016 SOFA report presents evidence on today and tomorrow’s impact of climate change on agriculture and food systems. The report assesses the options to make agriculture and food systems resilient to climate change impacts, while minimizing environmental impacts. It shows that making agriculture and food systems sustainable is both economically and technically feasible. However barriers to the adoption of appropriate technologies and management practices will have to be lowered, especially for smallholder farmers and women farmers amongst them. Likewise, an overhaul is needed of agricultural and food policies to shift incentives in favour of investments, worldwide, in sustainable technologies and practices.

Read the Report 
Read the executive summary In-Brief  | Read the Flyer 
See the Infographic on Adaptation | See the Infographic on Mitigation 
Visit the  SOFA Website 

Recent releases

FAO publications catalogue 2016

From statistical analysis to specialized manuals to children’s books, FAO publications cater to a diverse range of audiences. This catalogue presents FAO’s main publications, produced in 2016 or earlier, covering its global reports and general interest publications as well as numerous specialized titles. In addition to the major themes of agriculture, forestry and fisheries, this year’s edition also includes thematic sections on cities, climate change, gender and indigenous peoples.

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Migration and Protracted Crises

This booklet is directed towards FAO Member States, UN system and all other potential partners, and sheds light on the role that resilient agriculture livelihoods can play in addressing some of the root causes of migration in protracted crises and assisting displaced populations and host communities to cope with protracted displacement. The document aims at improving understanding of migration in situations of protracted crisis by explaining the context and providing examples of the work that FAO, together with its partners, has been doing across different countries to strengthen the resilience of communities and leave no one behind before, during and after protracted crises.

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Strengthening Coherence between Agriculture and Social Protection to Combat Poverty and Hunger in Africa: Diagnostic Tool

An important step in strengthening coherence is to assess the existing state of coherence within a given country and identify potential entry points for strengthening it. In relation to this, this Diagnostic Tool can assist you in: identifying and mapping the scope and nature of linkages between agriculture and social protection interventions in their countries, including supportive and constraining factors; and understanding people’s experiences and perceptions of linkages between agricultural and social protection programmes and how these linkages (or lack of them) affect their livelihoods. This will provide a basis for identifying options for strengthening coherence, which will inevitably depending on specific country contexts.

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Migration - The key role of agriculture and rural development

Migration is a growing global phenomenon and most countries are simultaneously countries of origin, transit and destination for migrants.

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Food security, Nutrition and Peace Proceedings of the United Nations Security Council Meeting: New York, 29 March 2016

Food security and nutrition and food-security related interventions can contribute to conflict prevention and conflict mitigation by building and enhancing social cohesion, addressing root causes or drivers of conflict, and by contributing to the legitimacy of, and trust in, governments. Food security can support peace-building efforts and peace-building can reinforce food security.

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Monitoring food security in countries with conflict situations: A joint FAO/WFP update for the United Nations Security Council (July 2016)

This document is a collection of briefs on countries in which food security has been affected by conflict and other crises. </p> Here is an overview of some key numbers: people in conflict affected states are up to three times more likely to be undernourished than those who are living in more stable developing countries. The most recent projections suggest that approximately half of the global poor now live in states characterized by conflict and violence. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have a strong interest, and a potentially important role to play, in supporting transitions towards peace.

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Report of the Working Group on Climate Change of the FAO Intergovernmental Group on Tea

Tea is the most used beverage second to water in the world. Presently, the climate change triggered by global warming is posing a major threat to the resilience of agricultural systems including tea cultivation. Increasing temperatures, changes to rainfall amount and distribution, coupled with major shifts in other meteorological parameters in comparison with long term observations have further complicated the production process. This compilation of adaptation strategies for tea cultivation developed and practiced by major tea growing countries of the world, is the first step taken by the working group on climate change of the FAO-IGG on tea to minimize climate change impacts on tea plantations. It is a joint effort by the scientists of Tea Research Institute of India, Sri Lanka, Kenya and China supported by the FAO-IGG on tea in Rome. This documentation is mainly targeted at tea planting community, policy makers and other users such as researchers, national and international research institutes and multilateral organizations dealing with sustainable tea cultivation, development and livelihood security of dependents.

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In action: Nuclear applications in agriculture On-the-ground success, Part III

This packet contains a selection of project and programme outcomes that connect the research and development activities and technology transfer of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture with farmers, their fields, animals and production processes.

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National Gender Profile of Agricultural and Rural Livelihoods: Kyrgyzstan

production of knowledge for better informed, targeted and gender sensitive actions in agriculture and rural development. It is meant to inform FAO professionals, other UN agencies, staff from the government of Kyrgyzstan, NGOs and professionals who work in agriculture and rural development in Kyrgyzstan. It is also meant to be an awareness-raising tool for the wider public. 

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Common Plants of Maldives

The book includes information on 270 species of vascular plants observed during our surveys conducted in more than 50 islands in Maldives. It deals with the common native as well as all alien plants which are currently occuring in the Islands. Information provided includes the current valid name of the plant, most popular synonyms, names in Dhivehi and a few common English names. Plant descriptions given include data on vegetative characters avoiding confusing scientific terms, as far as possible. Data collected from the fi eld are the source of information on the occurrence and pattern of distribution in different islands. Threats and damages caused by invasive alien species are also included. Ethnobotanical information collected during the study is given under uses.

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