Ensuring responsible and sustainable fisheries management around the world requires standardized, reliable and up-to-date information for sound decision-making. FAO, as the only repository for global fishery data, regularly collects and analyses fisheries statistics.
Recent transformations in food systems have led to new technical requirements and compliance costs that make it difficult for poor farmers to access modern market channels. This book aims to show how contract farming is helping small farmers to access markets and meet stringent requirements of manufacturers, retailers, exporters and service firms involved in food and non-food sectors such as biofuels and forestry. The publication clarifies differences in contract type - depending on commodity, market, technology, public policies and country circumstances. The publication uses actual case studies gathered from developing regions.
This technical paper compiles the latest information on seafood safety and quality aimed at providing a succinct yet comprehensive resource book for seafood quality and safety managers. It includes emerging issues such as new pathogens, the impact of climate change on seafood safety, and the changing regulatory framework. In addition to chapters on world fish production, trade, consumption and nutrition, and developments in safety and quality systems, the paper includes a detailed review of the hazards causing public health concerns in fish and fish products, covering biological (pathogenic bacteria, histamine, viruses, parasites and biotoxins), chemical (veterinary drugs, industrial organic contaminants, environmental inorganic contaminants and allergens) and physical hazards. It also considers seafood spoilage and quality issues, and the likely impact of climate change on seafood safety, including a focus on impacts on microbiological safety and on harmful algal blooms. The paper also looks at the current international framework as well as presenting the regulatory frameworks governing seafood trade in the European Union (Member Organization), the United States of America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
Especially useful to all those who work with or are involved in recommending or controlling maximum residue limits for veterinary drugs in foods of animal origin, this document contains monographs on residue evaluations of certain veterinary drugs, from the 78th meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives that took place in Geneva in November 2013. Four substances were evaluated for the first time – emamectin benzoate, gentian violet, lasalocid sodium and zilpaterol hydrochloride. Four additional substances were re-evaluated – derquantel, ivermectin, monepantel and recombinant bovine somatotrophins. Information is provided on chemical identity and properties of the compounds, pharmacokinetics and metabolism, residue depletion studies and analytical methods validated and used for the detection and quantification of the compounds. Also included is an overview of a pilot project to evaluate alternative approaches to estimate daily intakes of residues of veterinary drugs in foods, providing guidance on the extrapolation of Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) to minor species and for the establishment of MRLs in honey.
Given that animal feeding is the first step in the production of milk and affects the rest of the production chain, information on feeding systems is vital towards: understanding the environmental impact of the livestock sector; in developing diets and feeding strategies to reduce the carbon footprint and to optimize milk composition; for enhancing animal productivity, health and welfare; and for increasing the quality and safety of animal products. To this end, FAO, the International Dairy Federation and the IFCN Dairy Research Network undertook separate but complementary approaches to map dairy feeding systems in the world. This report builds a knowledge foundation for such animal feeding systems to serve as a valuable resource for the dairy sector and its partners along the dairy chain.
The Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Information periodical provides up-to-date information on all aspects of tsetse and trypanosomosis research and control to institutions and individuals involved in the problems of African trypanosomosis. This service forms an integral part of the Programme Against African Trypanosomosis (PAAT) jointly sponsored by FAO, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources of the African Union, the World Health Organization, the Research Department for Livestock Production and Veterinary Medicine of the Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement and the British Government’s Department for International Development.
This study argues that increasing agricultural productivity and strengthening the food system — understood as the entire chain from the production to the consumption of food, as well as the nutrition and jobs it provides — offer solutions to some of the many complex challenges facing the region. Reducing productivity gaps in cereal yields, investing in agriculture research and development, improving food safety measures, and giving special attention to the rural poor, could greatly contribute to reducing the dependence of the region to food imports and the promotion of more equitable and balanced economic growth. This report analyses the causes of food insecurity and malnutrition in the region at both household and national levels and proposes a series of remedial policy measures.
Gap analysis of national and regional fisheries and aquaculture priorities and initiatives in Western and Central Africa in respect to climate change and disasters.
African fishers and fish farmers are particularly vulnerable to disasters and climate change impacts. The objective of the study was to identify regional and national gaps and opportunities to reduce the vulnerability of the sector to the impact of climate change and to increase resilience to disasters. The gaps identified, and subsequent recommendations made, provide suggestions for those considering support to the development of actions in the area of fisheries/aquaculture and climate change adaptation/disaster risk management in Western and Central Africa. The findings will also be used in the formulation of the Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa.