Presenting results and lessons learned from the FAO-SIDA supported pilot project "Strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation in land and water management" in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania, the publication provides project proposals of a package of approaches addressing the drivers of vulnerability and targeted climate change impacts. It focuses on technologies that improve soil health and facilitate water conservation, the diversification of livelihood sources and income, and the strengthening of local institutions.
In 2009, inland fisheries was responsible for 10 million tonnes of fish produced. Yet despite its importance to rural communities, especially in the least developed countries, little attention has been given to the sector in recent years. As a result there is a deficit in fisheries management and an increasing threat to freshwater from a number of non-fishery users. As part of an effort to raise awareness about the various problems facing inland fisheries, this document reviews four of the world's best documented inland fisheries locations - the Mekong, the Amazon, Lake Constance and Lake Victoria.
People who depend on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods face an increasing number and intensity of natural disasters. Most small-scale fishers and fish workers live in developing countries, and often face a range of problems that increase their vulnerability like food insecurity, poverty, pollution, environmental degradation, overexploitation of resources, high levels of accidents at sea and conflicts with industrial fishing operations. The characteristics of fishing and fish farming operations (such as location and exposure) also increase vulnerability to hazards. Assistance to countries and partners by international agencies like FAO, in responding to disasters is steadily increasing. To date there have been no systematic guidelines available to support responses to emergencies facing the fisheries and aquaculture sector. This document aims to fill that gap.
Using the case of maize production in Kenya, this study considers the challenge of smallholder commercialization in the context of staple food crop production and individual farm-level decision-making by a diverse population of smallholder farmers. While many such farmers of staple crops find themselves trapped in a cycle of poverty, they differ greatly in their ability to break the cycle and in their attitudes to the use of commercial farming as a way out of poverty. Supporting policies and programs need to move away from traditional one-size-fits-all approaches to more targeted approaches that are more likely to facilitate the uptake of a more commercially oriented approach. Based on extensive primary data analysis, various innovative options for such strategies are presented in this study.
Today more than ever, rural producers require access to information and communication to make their voices heard and to help change their lives for the better. Communication for Development facilitates dialogue and collaborative action, combining participatory methods with communication tools ranging from community media to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). The Communication for Rural Development Sourcebook provides development professionals and field workers with a comprehensive set of guidelines, illustrative experiences and learning tools.
The FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific held in Hanoi in March 2012 called upon FAO to coordinate the development of a rice strategy for the region., A special task force was established and this publication presents the outcomes of its work. The aim of the strategy document is to provide evidence-based strategic guidelines to help countries (1) develop and adjust their rice sector strategies in the light of broader regional and global trends and national priorities and (2) choose among key strategic options while considering the implied trade-offs (or consequences).
Impact of international voluntary standards on smallholder market participation in developing countries
Over the past 20 years, international voluntary standards have gained prominence in global trade. These standards are developed and used by both private and public actors to ensure quality, food safety, social protection and environmental conservation that go beyond mandatory regulation. This publication presents the results of a literature review conducted by FAO in 2012 on the impact of voluntary standards on smallholders’ ability to participate in markets. Based on an analysis of 123 cases taken together presented evidence for 19 voluntary standards that were implemented in 14 commodity sectors in 40 countries.
Gender equality is one of the ten core principles of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. This guide aims to assist in its implementation focusing on equity and on how land tenure can be governed in ways that address the different needs and priorities of women and men. Gender-equitable governance of land tenure ensures that women and men can participate equally in their relationships to land, through both formal institutions and informal arrangements for land administration and management. The guide provides advice on mechanisms, strategies and actions that can be adopted to improve gender equity in the processes, institutions and activities of land tenure governance.