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REDD+ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

Forest Reference (Emission) Levels and REDD+ Results Reporting

To participate in REDD+, countries must develop a Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level. These are benchmarks for assessing their performance in implementing REDD+ activities.

Countries that implement REDD+ and reduce carbon can report REDD+ results to the UNFCCC. These REDD+ results compare greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during REDD+ implementation against the reference level. Countries also develop national GHG inventories and regularly report on emissions to the UNFCCC. FAO aims to support countries in developing these inventory systems that can generate consistent estimates for forest reference levels and REDD+ results reporting.

FAO’s REDD+ and National Forest Monitoring team supports capacity development for FREL/FRLs, REDD+ results reporting and national GHG inventory systems in the land-use sector. Technical capacities to work with data and carry out calculations are required as are functional capacities including system-related aspects such as inventory planning and management, data sharing, quality checking and continuous improvement. 

Forest reference level example using only historical data