Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA)
Resilience measurement and analysis are critical for formulating evidence-based policy, programmes and investments for food security. Since 2008, FAO has been at the forefront of efforts to measure resilience to food insecurity and has pioneered the development and use of Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA).
RIMA is a quantitative approach that enables a rigorous analysis of how households cope with shocks and stressors. Comparisons can be made between different types of households (for example, male-headed versus female-headed or urban versus rural) in a given country or area. Resilience analysis using RIMA provides the necessary evidence to more effectively design, deliver, monitor and evaluate assistance to vulnerable populations, based on what they need most.
Currently, FAO applies RIMA in more than ten countries in the Near East and sub-Saharan Africa, including Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan and the Sudan. Central to this work are efforts to build national and regional capacities for resilience analysis. Through regional and country offices, FAO works closely with regional bodies such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, international organizations (including the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Development Programme, the World Food Programme and the World Bank), academia and other institutional partners on data collection and analysis and impact evaluations on resilience to inform related policy.
FAO’s continues to refine its work on resilience measurement and analysis based on experiences in applying RIMA, with the following main objectives:
- effectively contribute to resilience programming in priority regions and selected countries through country-led resilience analysis and identification of policy issues;
- develop capacity within countries and regional institutions, international organizations and partner organizations in order to conduct resilience analysis at scale, including mapping and assessing the quality of existing country-level datasets and developing specific learning packages, guidelines and tools to offer on-the-job training to government and partner staff; and
- consolidate RIMA as a key corporate tool for resilience programming, integrated with other FAO indicators on resilience to climate change, poverty, nutrition and crises.
Applying RIMA, FAO produces a series of related products and publication, including: